Effects of diabetes drugs on the skeleton.
Basel, Switzerland. In Bone, Jan 2016
In contrast, metformin has a positive effect on osteoblast differentiation due to increased activity of Runx2 via the AMPK/USF-1/SHP regulatory cascade resulting in a neutral or potentially protective effect on bone.
Familial combined hyperlipidemia: from molecular insights to tailored therapy.
Nijmegen, Netherlands. In Curr Opin Lipidol, 2014
Finally, gene expression studies in liver biopsies and liver cell culture experiments have gained further insight in the role of upstream stimulatory factor 1, one of the most replicated genes in FCHL, in its pathogenesis.On the basis of these observations and recent phase II clinical trials, PCSK9 antagonizing is the most promising lipid-lowering therapy to be added to our current arsenal of statins and fibrates in FCHL treatment.
Insulin signalling mechanisms for triacylglycerol storage.
Worcester, United States. In Diabetologia, 2013
New findings include (1) activation of DNA-dependent protein kinase to stimulate upstream stimulatory factor (USF)1/USF2 heterodimers, enhancing the lipogenic transcription factor sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c (SREBP1c); (2) stimulation of fatty acid synthase through AMP kinase modulation; (3) mobilisation of lipid droplet proteins to promote retention of triacylglycerol; and (4) upregulation of a novel carbohydrate response element binding protein β isoform that potently stimulates transcription of lipogenic enzymes.