Human Milk Components Modulate Toll-Like Receptor-Mediated Inflammation.
Boston, United States. In Adv Nutr, Jan 2016
Human milk on the whole is strongly anti-inflammatory, and contains abundant components that depress TLR signaling pathways: sTLR2 and sCD14 inhibit TLR2 signaling; sCD14, lactadherin, lactoferrin, and 2'-fucosyllactose attenuate TLR4 signaling; 3'-galactosyllactose inhibits TLR3 signaling, and β-defensin 2 inhibits TLR7 signaling.
"Toll"-erance in the skin.
More papers using
Pittsburgh, United States. In Immunity, 2014
(2014) show that S. aureus-derived TLR2/6 heterodimer ligands can recruit myeloid-derived suppressor cells into the skin, countering rather than promoting inflammation.