The critical roles of miR-21 in anti-cancer effects of curcumin.
Australia. In Ann Transl Med, Dec 2015
Several downstream pathways of miR-21 have been identified including phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4) and NF-κB pathways.
Targeting strategies on miRNA-21 and PDCD4 for glioblastoma.
Shanghai, China. In Arch Biochem Biophys, Sep 2015
Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is critical in mediating apoptosis in GBM, and is downregulated by miR-21, which may mediate the resistance of glioblastoma cells against chemotherapy or radiation via its target genes PDCD4.
MiR-21: an environmental driver of malignant melanoma?
Osnabrück, Germany. In J Transl Med, 2014
MiR-21 is an oncomiR that affects critical target genes of malignant melanoma, resulting in sustained proliferation (PTEN, PI3K, Sprouty, PDCD4, FOXO1, TIPE2, p53, cyclin D1), evasion from apoptosis (FOXO1, FBXO11, APAF1, TIMP3, TIPE2), genetic instability (MSH2, FBXO11, hTERT), increased oxidative stress (FOXO1), angiogenesis (PTEN, HIF1α, TIMP3), invasion and metastasis (APAF1, PTEN, PDCD4, TIMP3).
miR-21 in ischemia/reperfusion injury: a double-edged sword?
Shanghai, China. In Physiol Genomics, 2014
Preconditioning-induced upregulation of miR-21 contributes to the protection against subsequent renal I/R injury through the targeting of genes such as the proapoptotic gene programmed cell death 4 and interactions between miR-21 and hypoxia-inducible factor.