San Diego, United States. In Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens, Sep 2015
Several studies provide evidence of SGLT regulation via cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A, protein kinase C, glucagon-like peptide 2, insulin, leptin, signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3), phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), with-no-K[Lys] kinases/STE20/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase (Wnk/SPAK) and regulatory solute carrier protein 1 (RS1) pathways.
Retinal microglia: just bystander or target for therapy?
Köln, Germany. In Prog Retin Eye Res, Mar 2015
These include rare hereditary retinopathies such as retinitis pigmentosa and X-linked juvenile retinoschisis but also comprise more common multifactorial retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and uveitis as well as neurological disorders with ocular manifestation.
Biology of retinoschisin.
Bethesda, United States. In Adv Exp Med Biol, 2011
RS1 is needed for preservation of synaptic structures but not synaptogenesis in retinoschisis model.
Duplication and amplification of toxin genes in Vibrio cholerae.
In Cell, 1983
The variation in size among these large tandem duplications was due to a difference in the copy number of a smaller, 2.7 kb, tandemly repeated sequence (RS1) that is located at the novel joint of these duplications, as well as upstream and downstream of ctx.