Glyphosate induces neurotoxicity in zebrafish.
Fairfield, United States. In Environ Toxicol Pharmacol, Feb 2016
Concomitant with structural changes in the developing brain, using in situ hybridization analysis, we detect decreases in genes expressed in the eye, fore and midbrain regions of the brain including pax2, pax6, otx2 and ephA4.
How to approach the many faces of endometrioid carcinoma.
Houston, United States. In Mod Pathol, Jan 2016
Variants with distinct architectural and cytologic features include the following: (1) ECa with a villoglandular pattern (tumor with finger-like papillae lined by bland cells with a tendency for vascular/lymphatic invasion and lymph node metastasis once this pattern is seen within the myoinvasive component); (2) papillary ECa of intermediate grade (grade 2) (tumor that can be mistaken for serous carcinoma, as it contains papillae showing slightly irregular contours, moderately atypical cells, and it is associated with vascular/lymphatic invasion/lymph node metastasis, but with common association with mucinous metaplasia, MELF (microcystic, elongated, and fragmented) pattern of invasion, and wild p53 expression); (3) ECa with non-villous papillae (tumor containing pseudopapillae within glands with bland-appearing cytology commonly associated with abortive squamous differentiation and otherwise not different from usual ECa); (4) ECa with microglandular-like pattern (tumor that mimics microglandular hyperplasia of the cervix, often lacking the typical appearance of microglandular hyperplasia and showing Ki-67 index >10%, strong CD10 expression, and negative PAX-2, p63, and CD34); and (5) ECa with sex cord-like formations and hyalinization (tumor with interconnected cords and nests of bland epithelioid and spindled cells that merge with a typical component of low-grade ECa, usually associated with squamous differentiation and hyalinization).
Exome Sequencing on 298 Probands With Early-Onset High Myopia: Approximately One-Fourth Show Potential Pathogenic Mutations in RetNet Genes.
In Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, Jan 2016
Of the 71 probands, 44 (62.0%) had mutations in 11 genes responsible for ocular diseases accompanied by high myopia, including COL2A1, COL11A1, PRPH2, FBN1, GNAT1, OPA1, PAX2, GUCY2D, TSPAN12, CACNA1F, and RPGR.
[Clinicopathologic study of primary renal hemangioblastoma].
Nanjing, China. In Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi, Jun 2015
Immunohistochemical study showed that the stromal cells were positive for alpha-inhibin (3/3), S-100 protein (3/3), EGFR (2/2), PAX-2 (2/2), PAX-8 (2/2) and CA9 (2/2) but negative for CKpan (2/2) and HMB45 (2/2).
Taiwan. In Arch Pathol Lab Med, Apr 2015
Immunohistochemical expression of the paired box genes 2 and 8 (PAX2/8) and Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) is increased in the primitive ducts and fibromuscular collar, respectively.
Through the glass darkly: intraepithelial neoplasia, top-down differentiation, and the road to ovarian cancer.
Boston, United States. In J Pathol, 2013
Both direct and indirect ('surrogate') precursors suggest that the benign tube undergoes important biological changes after menopause, acquiring abnormalities in gene expression that are often shared with malignancy, including PAX2, ALDH1, LEF1, RCN1, RUNX2, beta-catenin, EZH2, and others.