Liu et al., Dalian, China. In Mol Med Report, Jan 2016
Neuroleukin (NLK) is a multifunctional protein that possesses growth factor functions, and its expression has been associated with cartilage development and bone regeneration, however its direct role in chondrocyte proliferation remains to be fully elucidated.
Itoh et al., Nagoya, Japan. In Nat Cell Biol, 2010
NLK negatively regulates Notch-dependent transcriptional activation by phosphorylating Notch1ICD. Phosphorylated Notch1ICD is impaired in its ability to form a transcriptionally active ternary complex.
Wnt-5a activates NLK (Nemo-like kinase), which in turn phosphorylates a histone methyltransferase, SETDB1 (SET domain bifurcated 1), leading to the formation of a co-repressor complex that inactivates PPAR-gamma function through histone H3-K9 methylation.
Bowerman et al., Eugene, United States. In Nature, 1999
Consistent with action in a common pathway, mom-4 and lit-1 exhibit similar mutant phenotypes and encode components of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway that are homologous to vertebrate transforming-growth-factor-beta-activated kinase (TAK1) and NEMO-like kinase (NLK), respectively.
MOM-4 and LIT-1 are homologous to TAK1 (a kinase activated by transforming growth factor-beta) mitogen-activated protein-kinase-kinase kinase (MAP3K) and MAP kinase (MAPK)-related NEMO-like kinase (NLK), respectively, in mammalian cells.