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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 19 Dec 2016.

Toll-interleukin 1 receptor

Mal, TIRAP, BSAC, Wyatt
The innate immune system recognizes microbial pathogens through Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which identify pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Different TLRs recognize different pathogen-associated molecular patterns and all TLRs have a Toll-interleukin 1 receptor (TIR) domain, which is responsible for signal transduction. The protein encoded by this gene is a TIR adaptor protein involved in the TLR4 signaling pathway of the immune system. It activates NF-kappa-B, MAPK1, MAPK3 and JNK, which then results in cytokine secretion and the inflammatory response. Alternative splicing of this gene results in several transcript variants; however, not all variants have been fully described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: MyD88, TLR4, CAN, TLR2, TRAM
Papers on Mal
Change in size, morphology and stability of DNA polyplexes with hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimines) containing bulky maltose units.
Koetz et al., Potsdam, Germany. In Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces, Mar 2016
Polyplexes between Salmon DNA and non-modified hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimines) of varying molar mass, i.e., PEI(5k) with 5000g/mol and PEI(25k) with 25,000g/mol, and modified PEI(5k) with maltose units (PEI-Mal) were investigated in dependence on the molar N/P ratio by using dynamic light scattering (DLS), zeta potential measurements, micro differential scanning calorimetry (μ-DSC), scanning-transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and cryo-scanning electron microscopy (cryo-SEM).
Does mouse embryo primordial germ cell activation start before implantation as suggested by single-cell transcriptomics dynamics?
Araúzo-Bravo et al., San Sebastián, Spain. In Mol Hum Reprod, Feb 2016
We also identified new transitory E3.5 EPI markers (Sgk1, Mal, Ubxn2a, Atg16l2, Gm13102, Tcfap2c, Hexb, Slc1a1, Svip, Liph and Mier3), six new stable PE markers (Sdc4, Cpn1, Dkk1, Havcr1, F2r/Par1 and Slc7a6os) as well as three new stable EPI markers (Zp3, Mcf2 and Hexb), which are known to be late stage germ cell markers.
The Golgi-Associated Plant Pathogenesis-Related Protein GAPR-1 Enhances Type I Interferon Signaling Pathway in Response to Toll-Like Receptor 4.
Cai et al., Shenzhen, China. In Inflammation, Jan 2016
UNASSIGNED: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activates Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) through the TIRAP-MyD88 dependent and TRAM-TRIF dependent signaling pathways, respectively.
Recovery Trends of Commercial Fish: The Case of an Underperforming Mediterranean Marine Protected Area.
de Lucia et al., Oristano, Italy. In Plos One, Dec 2015
The effects of protection on the fish assemblages of the sublittoral rocky reefs in the "Penisola del Sinis-Isola di Mal di Ventre" MPA (W.
Mal de Meleda: A Focused Review.
Khachemoune et al., Reno, United States. In Am J Clin Dermatol, Nov 2015
UNASSIGNED: Mal de Meleda is a rare autosomal recessive palmoplantar keratoderma (PPK) disease with an estimated prevalence of 1:100,000.
Association of TLR1, TLR2, TLR4, TLR6, and TIRAP polymorphisms with disease susceptibility.
Arshad et al., Islamabad, Pakistan. In Immunol Res, Jun 2015
In this review, we summarize studies of polymorphisms in genes encoding TLR1, TLR2, TLR4, TLR6, and most polymorphic adaptor protein, Mal/TIRAP, revealing their effect on susceptibility to diseases.
Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain-mediated cellular signaling pathways.
Park et al., Kyŏngsan, South Korea. In Apoptosis, Feb 2015
The Toll-like receptor/Interleukin (IL)-1 receptor (TLR/IL-1R) superfamily comprises proteins that contain the phylogenetically conserved Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain, which is responsible for the propagation of downstream signaling through recruitment of TIR domain containing cytosolic adaptor proteins such as MyD88, TIRAP/MAL, TRIF, TRAM and SARM.
Brazilian Red Propolis Attenuates Inflammatory Signaling Cascade in LPS-Activated Macrophages.
Mayer et al., São Paulo, Brazil. In Plos One, 2014
Furthermore, the upstream adaptor MyD88 adaptor-like (Mal), also known as TIRAP, involved in TLR2 and TLR4 signaling, was down- regulated in BRP treated LPS-activated macrophages.
Olmsted syndrome: clinical, molecular and therapeutic aspects.
Hovnanian et al., Paris, France. In Orphanet J Rare Dis, 2014
OS has to be differentiated from other severe forms of PPK including Vohwinkel, Clouston, Papillon-Lefèvre or Haim-Munk syndromes, Mal de Meleda, pachyonychia congenita, Tyrosinemia type II and acrodermatitis enteropathica.
A promiscuous lipid-binding protein diversifies the subcellular sites of toll-like receptor signal transduction.
Kagan et al., Boston, United States. In Cell, 2014
Here, we report that, in response to natural activators of innate immunity, the sorting adaptor TIRAP regulates TLR signaling from the plasma membrane and endosomes.
Mal de meleda - through history and today.
Bakija-Konsuo, Dubrovnik, Croatia. In Acta Dermatovenerol Croat, 2013
Due to similarity between the islands of Malta and Mljet, we are proud of the fact that, to the credit of Croatian researchers and scientists, Mal de Meleda entered the international scientific literature under that very name and has preserved it until today.
The p110δ isoform of the kinase PI(3)K controls the subcellular compartmentalization of TLR4 signaling and protects from endotoxic shock.
Vanhaesebroeck et al., London, United Kingdom. In Nat Immunol, 2012
Lipopolysaccharide activates plasma-membrane signaling and endosomal signaling by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) through the TIRAP-MyD88 and TRAM-TRIF adaptor complexes, respectively, but it is unclear how the signaling switch between these cell compartments is coordinated.
Bone morphogenetic protein signaling in vascular disease: anti-inflammatory action through myocardin-related transcription factor A.
Lagna et al., Boston, United States. In J Biol Chem, 2012
molecular inhibitory pathway linking BMP4 signaling, activation of MRTF-A, and inhibition of NF-kappaB provides insights into the etiology of PAH and a potential focus of therapeutic intervention.
Poxviral protein A46 antagonizes Toll-like receptor 4 signaling by targeting BB loop motifs in Toll-IL-1 receptor adaptor proteins to disrupt receptor:adaptor interactions.
Bowie et al., Dublin, Ireland. In J Biol Chem, 2012
Poxviral protein A46 inhibits TLR4 signaling and interacts with Toll-IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing proteins of the receptor complex.
Toll-like receptor signal adaptor protein MyD88 is required for sustained endotoxin-induced acute hypoferremic response in mice.
Santos et al., Montréal, Canada. In Am J Pathol, 2012
Toll-like receptor signal adaptor protein MyD88 is required for sustained endotoxin-induced acute hypoferremic response in mice.
Phosphoinositide binding by the Toll adaptor dMyD88 controls antibacterial responses in Drosophila.
Kagan et al., Boston, United States. In Immunity, 2012
These data are reminiscent of the interactions between the mammalian Toll adaptors MyD88 and TIRAP with one major exception.
MAL facilitates the incorporation of exocytic uroplakin-delivering vesicles into the apical membrane of urothelial umbrella cells.
Sun et al., New York City, United States. In Mol Biol Cell, 2012
the exclusion of MAL from the expanding 2D crystals of uroplakins explains the selective association of MAL with the hinge areas in the uroplakin-delivering fusiform vesicles, as well as at the apical surface
The kinase Btk negatively regulates the production of reactive oxygen species and stimulation-induced apoptosis in human neutrophils.
Morio et al., Tokyo, Japan. In Nat Immunol, 2012
In the absence of Btk, the adaptor Mal was associated with PI(3)K and PTKs at the plasma membrane, whereas in control resting neutrophils, Btk interacted with and confined Mal in the cytoplasm.
Structural insights into TIR domain specificity of the bridging adaptor Mal in TLR4 signaling.
Shen et al., Tianjin, China. In Plos One, 2011
The Mal-Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domains AB loop is capable of mediating direct binding to the TIR domains of TLR4 and MyD88 simultaneously.
Identification of miR-145 and miR-146a as mediators of the 5q- syndrome phenotype.
Karsan et al., Vancouver, Canada. In Nat Med, 2010
We show that deletion of chromosome 5q correlates with loss of two miRNAs that are abundant in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), miR-145 and miR-146a, and we identify Toll-interleukin-1 receptor domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor-6 (TRAF6) as respective targets of these miRNAs.
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