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IL33 (MIM 608678) is a member of the IL1 (see MIM 147760) family that potently drives production of T helper-2 (Th2)-associated cytokines (e.g., IL4; MIM 147780). IL33 is a ligand for IL33R (IL1RL1; MIM 601203), an IL1 family receptor that is selectively expressed on Th2 cells and mast cells (summary by Yagami et al., 2010 [PubMed 20926795]).[supplied by OMIM, Jan 2011] (from
Locksley et al., San Francisco, United States. In Nature, Feb 2016
Experiments in mice and humans have demonstrated requirements for the epithelial cytokines IL-33, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and IL-25 in the activation of ILC2s, but the sources and regulation of these signals remain poorly defined.
Takenaga et al., Izumo, Japan. In Cell Death Dis, Dec 2015
The proinflammatory interleukin-33 (IL-33) binds to its receptor ST2L on the surface of immune cells and stimulates the production of Th2 cytokines; however, the effects of IL-33 on tumour cells are poorly understood.
Wang et al., Cincinnati, United States. In Immunity, Nov 2015
Herein, we have reported the identification of multifunctional IL-9-producing mucosal mast cells (MMC9s) that can secrete prodigious amounts of IL-9 and IL-13 in response to IL-33, and mast cell protease-1 (MCPt-1) in response to antigen and IgE complex crosslinking, respectively.
Kwon et al., Ulsan, South Korea. In J Immunol, 2012
The priming effect of IL-33 occurs during multiple steps of the neutrophil-mediated anti-fungal response: first, rapid induction of neutrophils to the site of the infection, and second, conditioning of neutrophils by IL-33.