Constitutive Activity among Orphan Class-A G Protein Coupled Receptors.
Rolla, United States. In Plos One, 2014
Five patterns of activity were noted: 1) inhibition under both baseline and forskolin stimulated expression (GPR15, GPR17, GPR18, GPR20, GPR25, GPR27, GPR31, GPR32, GPR45, GPR57, GPR68, GPR83, GPR84, GPR132, GPR150, GPR176); 2) no effect on baseline expression, but inhibition of forskolin stimulated expression (GPR4, GPR26, GPR61, GPR62, GPR78, GPR101, GPR119); 3) elevation of baseline signaling coupled with inhibition of forskolin stimulated expression (GPR6, GPR12); 4) elevation of baseline signaling without inhibition of forskolin stimulated expression (GPR3, GPR21, GPR52, GPR65); and 5) no effect on expression (GPR1, GPR19, GPR22, GPR34, GPR35, GPR39, GPR63, GPR82, GPR85, GPR87).
Incentive loss and hippocampal gene expression in inbred Roman high- (RHA-I) and Roman low- (RLA-I) avoidance rats.
Jaén, Spain. In Behav Brain Res, 2013
Microarray analysis of these hippocampi showed that four differentially-expressed, and qRT-PCR-validated genes (TAAR2, THAP1, PKD2L1, NANOS), have relevance for brain function and behavior, including schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, and drug addiction, thus showing the usefulness of Roman strains as a genetic model for research on the neurogenetic basis of frustration.
A second class of chemosensory receptors in the olfactory epithelium.
Seattle, United States. In Nature, 2006
Previous studies reported TAAR expression in brain. This paper found TAAR expression only in olfactory epithelial cells and that each TAAR detects a unique set of amine ligands. TAARs seem to function as a family of chemosensory receptors for amines.
A locus for simple pure febrile seizures maps to chromosome 6q22-q24.
Paris, France. In Brain, 2002
Sequence analysis excluded the implication of five candidate genes [A kinase anchoring protein 18 (AKAP18), syntaxin 7, putative neurotransmitter receptor (PNR), G protein receptor 57 (GPR57) and G protein receptor 58 (GPR58)] in the interval based on function.