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Glycogenin 2

GN2, glycogenin-2, GYG2
This gene encodes a member of the the glycogenin family. Glycogenin is a self-glucosylating protein involved in the initiation reactions of glycogen biosynthesis. A gene on chromosome 3 encodes the muscle glycogenin and this X-linked gene encodes the glycogenin mainly present in liver; both are involved in blood glucose homeostasis. This gene has a short version on chromosome Y, which is 3' truncated and can not make a functional protein. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, May 2010] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: HAD, CAN, Glycogenin, ACID, OUT
Papers on GN2
Reclassification of Bacillus invictae as a later heterotypic synonym of Bacillus altitudinis.
Shao et al., Xiamen, China. In Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, Aug 2015
In addition, in comparison with those from the other three type strains, phenotypic data of B. invictae DSMZ 26896T and B. altitudinis 41KF2bT, including API 20NE, API ZYM, Biolog GN2 and API 50CHB tests, showed slight differences.
Is there a common water-activity limit for the three domains of life?
Hallsworth et al., Belfast, United Kingdom. In Isme J, Jun 2015
NRC-1 and Halococcus morrhuae (0.717), Haloquadratum walsbyi (0.709), Halococcus salifodinae (0.693), Halobacterium noricense (0.687), Natrinema pallidum (0.681) and haloarchaeal strains GN-2 and GN-5 (0.635 a(w)).
Glycogenin-2 is dispensable for liver glycogen synthesis and glucagon-stimulated glucose release.
Njølstad et al., Bergen, Norway. In J Clin Endocrinol Metab, May 2015
In humans, glycogenin-1 is expressed ubiquitously, whereas glycogenin-2 (GN2) is highly expressed in liver.
Morphology, cell viability, karyotype, expression of surface markers and plasticity of three human primary cell line cultures before and after the cryostorage in LN2 and GN2.
Díaz de la Guardia et al., Granada, Spain. In Cryobiology, Feb 2015
Thawed cells stored in a Dry Vapor Shipper container with gas phase (GN2), for 20 days, in addition displayed 4.61% ± 2.78, 3.70% ± 4.09 and 9.13% ± 3.51 of average loss of cells viability, respectively, showing strong correlation between the loss of viability in hADFs and the number of post-freezing days in the Dry Vapor Shipper.
Vibriophages and their interactions with the fish pathogen Vibrio anguillarum.
Middelboe et al., Helsingør, Denmark. In Appl Environ Microbiol, 2014
The phage susceptibility pattern of the isolates did not show any relation to the physiological relationships obtained from Biolog GN2 profiles, demonstrating that similar phage susceptibility patterns occur across broad phylogenetic and physiological differences in Vibrio strains.
A hemizygous GYG2 mutation and Leigh syndrome: a possible link?
Miyake et al., Yokohama, Japan. In Hum Genet, 2014
Only one hemizygous missense mutation (c.665G>C, p.W222S) in glycogenin-2 (GYG2) (isoform a: NM_001079855) in both affected sibs and a heterozygous change in their mother were identified, being consistent with the X-linked recessive trait.
LC-MS/MS characterization of combined glycogenin-1 and glycogenin-2 enzymatic activities reveals their self-glucosylation preferences.
Nilsson et al., Göteborg, Sweden. In Biochim Biophys Acta, 2014
The analysis revealed that the self-glucosylation endpoint was the incorporation of 4-8 glucose units on Tyr 195 of glycogenin-1, but only 0-4 glucose units on Tyr-228 of glycogenin-2.
Structural features of free N-glycans occurring in plants and functional features of de-N-glycosylation enzymes, ENGase, and PNGase: the presence of unusual plant complex type N-glycans.
Kimura et al., Okayama, Japan. In Front Plant Sci, 2013
The structure of FNGs found ubiquitously in plant tissues such as hypocotyls, leaves, roots, developing seeds, or fruits can be classified into two types: high-mannose type and plant complex type; the former, in most cases, has only one GlcNAc residue at the reducing end (GN1 type), while the latter has the chitobiosyl unit at the reducing end (GN2 type).
A Pseudomonas syringae diversity survey reveals a differentiated phylotype of the pathovar syringae associated with the mango host and mangotoxin production.
de Vicente et al., In Phytopathology, 2013
Similar to the rep-PCR results, the randomly amplified polymorphic DNA PCR (RAPD-PCR) and catabolic diversity analysis using the Biolog GN2 profile grouped 90% of the mango isolates together in a unique cluster.
Carbon source utilization profiles suggest additional metabolic interactions in a synergistic linuron-degrading bacterial consortium.
Springael et al., Leuven, Belgium. In Fems Microbiol Ecol, 2013
The metabolic performance and range of the individual consortium members were compared with those of paired and three-species combinations in Biolog GN2 MicroPlate assays.
Phenotypic and phylogenetic characterization of an abamectin-degrading bacterial strain isolated from a citrus orchard.
Li et al., Nanjing, China. In J Gen Appl Microbiol, 2012
Phenotypic information comes from basic bacteriological tests and substrate utilization patterns using the Biolog GN2 MicroPlating system and automated miniature biochemical test kits, i.e.
Root colonization and growth promotion of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by phosphate solubilizing Enterobacter sp. Fs-11.
van Elsas et al., Faisalābād, Pakistan. In World J Microbiol Biotechnol, 2012
It utilized 27 out of 95 substrates in BIOLOG GN2 micro plate system.
Chemical shifts for the unusual DNA structure in Pf1 bacteriophage from dynamic-nuclear-polarization-enhanced solid-state NMR spectroscopy.
McDermott et al., New York City, United States. In J Am Chem Soc, 2012
The (13)C and (15)N chemical shifts of the DNA bases have above-average values for AC4, AC5, CC5, TC2, and TC5, and below average values for AC8, GC8, and GN2, pointing to an absence of Watson-Crick hydrogen bonding, yet the presence of some type of aromatic ring interaction.
["Glyco-deglyco" processes during the biosynthesis of glycoproteins].
Cacan et al., Villeneuve-d'Ascq, France. In J Soc Biol, 1998
This material is constituted of oligosaccharide-phosphates and of neutral oligosaccharides possessing one GlcNAc (OS-Gn1) or two GlcNAc (OS-Gn2) at the reducing end.
'Glyco-deglyco' processes during the synthesis of N-glycoproteins.
Verbert et al., Lille, France. In Biochimie, 1998
This material is constituted of oligosaccharide-phosphates and of neutral oligosaccharides possessing one GlcNAc (OS-Gn1) or two GlcNAc (OS-Gn2) at the reducing end.
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