da Silveira et al., Natal, Brazil. In J Oral Pathol Med, Jan 2016
METHODS: Immunoexpression of galectin-1, galectin-3, galectin-7, and galectin-9 was semiquantitatively analyzed in 65 cases of actinic cheilitis graded as low risk (n = 40) or high risk (n = 25) of malignant transformation.
Blois et al., Berlin, Germany. In Am J Reprod Immunol, Dec 2015
METHOD OF STUDY: Here, we used immunohistochemistry to analyze galectin (gal)-1, gal-3 and gal-9 expression during early and late endotheliochorial placentation in two different species (dogs and cats).
Shan et al., Jinan, China. In Scand J Immunol, 2014
T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3 (TIM-3), originally identified as a T helper (Th) 1-specific type I membrane protein, plays a vital role in Th1 immunity and tolerance induction through interaction with its ligand, galectin-9.
Longhi et al., London, United Kingdom. In Hepatology, 2012
Reduced levels of Tim-3 on CD4(pos) CD25(neg) effector cells and of Gal9 in T-regs contribute to impaired immunoregulation in autoimmune hepatitis by rendering effector cells less prone to T-reg control and T-regs less capable of suppressing.
We concluded that pro-apoptotic effects on Th1 population through galectin-9-Tim-3 pathway and the up-regulation of Tim-2 on Th2 cells might be critical to Th2-biased response of host with schistosomiasis japonica.
Horton et al., Seattle, United States. In Blood, 2012
Soluble Gal-9 interacts with Tim-3 expressed on the surface of activated CD4(+) T cells. This leads to down-regulation of HIV-1 coreceptors and up-regulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21.