Fetal liver hematopoietic stem cell niches associate with portal vessels.
United States. In Science, Feb 2016
After closure of the umbilical inlet at birth, portal vessels undergo a transition from Neuropilin-1(+)Ephrin-B2(+) artery to EphB4(+) vein phenotype, associated with a loss of periportal Nestin(+)NG2(+) cells and emigration of HSCs away from portal vessels.
Why increased nuchal translucency is associated with congenital heart disease: a systematic review on genetic mechanisms.
Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Prenat Diagn, Jun 2015
Fifteen candidate genes involved in both cardiac and lymphatic development were identified: Adrenomedullin; Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor 2 (COUP-TFII); Cyp51; Ephrin-B2; Forkhead box protein C2 (Foxc2); Nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic 1 (Nfatc1); Neurofibromatosis type 1 (Nf1); Phosphoinositide 3-kinase encoding isoform p110α (Pik3ca); Podoplanin; Prospero-related homeobox 1 (Prox1); T-box 1 (Tbx1); Tyrosine kinase with immunoglobulin-like and endothelial growth factor-like domains 1 (Tie1); vascular endothelial growth factor (Vegf)-A; Vegf receptor-3 (Vegfr-3); and Vascular endothelial zinc finger 1 (Vezf1).
Multivalent ligands control stem cell behaviour in vitro and in vivo.
Berkeley, United States. In Nat Nanotechnol, 2013
The ectodomain of ephrin-B2, normally an integral membrane protein ligand, was conjugated to a soluble biopolymer to yield multivalent nanoscale conjugates that potently induce signalling in neural stem cells and promote their neuronal differentiation both in culture and within the brain.
Spatial regulation of VEGF receptor endocytosis in angiogenesis.
Münster, Germany. In Nat Cell Biol, 2013
aPKC phosphorylates Dab2, a clathrin-associated sorting protein that, together with the transmembrane protein ephrin-B2 and the cell polarity regulator PAR-3, enables VEGF receptor endocytosis and downstream signal transduction.