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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 19 Dec 2016.

Cholinergic receptor, nicotinic, beta 3

The nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are members of a superfamily of ligand-gated ion channels that mediate fast signal transmission at synapses. The nAChRs are (hetero)pentamers composed of homologous subunits. The subunits that make up the muscle and neuronal forms of nAChRs are encoded by separate genes and have different primary structure. There are several subtypes of neuronal nAChRs that vary based on which homologous subunits are arranged around the central channel. They are classified as alpha-subunits if, like muscle alpha-1 (MIM 100690), they have a pair of adjacent cysteines as part of the presumed acetylcholine binding site. Subunits lacking these cysteine residues are classified as beta-subunits (Groot Kormelink and Luyten, 1997 [PubMed 9009220]). Elliott et al. (1996) [PubMed 8906617] stated that the proposed structure for each subunit is a conserved N-terminal extracellular domain followed by 3 conserved transmembrane domains, a variable cytoplasmic loop, a fourth conserved transmembrane domain, and a short C-terminal extracellular region.[supplied by OMIM, Apr 2010] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: CHRNA3, CHRNB4, CHRNA4, HAD, CHRNB2
Papers on CHRNB3
Gene variance in the nicotinic receptor cluster (CHRNA5-CHRNA3-CHRNB4) predicts death from cardiopulmonary disease and cancer in smokers.
Melander et al., Malmö, Sweden. In J Intern Med, Jan 2016
OBJECTIVES: To test whether rs1051730 (C/T), a tag for multiple variants in the CHRNA5-CHRNA3-CHRNB3 cluster, is associated with a change in risk of smoking-related mortality and morbidity in the Malmö Diet and Cancer study, a population-based prospective cohort study.
Search for Rare Copy-Number Variants in Congenital Heart Defects Identifies Novel Candidate Genes and a Potential Role for FOXC1 in Patients with Coarctation of the Aorta.
Le Caignec et al., Nantes, France. In Circ Cardiovasc Genet, Jan 2016
We identified 113 candidate genes for CHD within these CNVs, including BTRC, CHRNB3, CSRP2BP, ERBB2, ERMARD, GLIS3, PLN, PTPRJ, RLN3 and TCTE3.
The β3 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor: Modulation of gene expression and nicotine consumption.
Ehringer et al., United States. In Neuropharmacology, Dec 2015
SNPs in the putative promoter region of CHRNB3, the gene that encodes the β3 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), have been repeatedly associated with nicotine behaviors.
Effect of genetic variation in the nicotinic receptor genes on risk for posttraumatic stress disorder.
Beckham et al., Durham, United States. In Psychiatry Res, Oct 2015
The present study examined the association between genetic variation in the nicotinic receptor gene family (CHRNA2, CHRNA3, CHRNA4, CHRNA5, CHRNA6, CHRNA7, CHRNA9, CHRNA10, CHRNB2, CHRNB3, CHRNB4) and the occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Deep Sequencing of Three Loci Implicated in Large-Scale Genome-Wide Association Study Smoking Meta-Analyses.
van den Oord et al., Richmond, United States. In Nicotine Tob Res, Sep 2015
INTRODUCTION: Genome-wide association study meta-analyses have robustly implicated three loci that affect susceptibility for smoking: CHRNA5\CHRNA3\CHRNB4, CHRNB3\CHRNA6 and EGLN2\CYP2A6.
Are genetic variants for tobacco smoking associated with cannabis involvement?
Bierut et al., Saint Louis, United States. In Drug Alcohol Depend, Jun 2015
Rs16969968 in CHRNA5 (and its proxy, rs1051730 in CHRNA3) and rs1451240, a proxy for rs13280604 in CHRNB3, were associated with CPD after Bonferroni correction (p<0.006).
A genetic variant in CHRNB3-CHRNA6 increases risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Chinese populations.
Hu et al., Yantai, China. In Carcinogenesis, May 2015
We studied the association of the CHRNB3-A6 variant rs13280604 in relation to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in Chinese populations.
Genetics of alcoholism.
Nurnberger et al., Indianapolis, United States. In Curr Psychiatry Rep, 2014
More recent studies in family-based samples have implicated GABRA2, nicotinic receptor genes such as CHRNB3, and a number of other specific single genes as associated with alcohol use disorders.
Combined effect between CHRNB3-CHRNA6 region gene variant (rs6474412) and smoking in psoriasis vulgaris severity.
Fan et al., Zhanjiang, China. In Gene, 2014
Although gene polymorphisms on nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits CHRNB3-CHRNA6 region gene have been found to correlate with smoking behavior and lung cancer susceptibility in Chinese Han population, the combined effect between the smoking-related genetic variants and smoking behavior on psoriasis vulgaris (PV) has been unreported.
Genetic Association of CHRNB3 and CHRNA6 Gene Polymorphisms with Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale in Korean Population.
Kim et al., Seoul, South Korea. In Psychiatry Investig, 2014
Previous studies have found that CHRNA6-CHRNB3 cluster polymorphisms were significantly associated with the risk of ND and various tobacco behaviors.
Functional characterization improves associations between rare non-synonymous variants in CHRNB4 and smoking behavior.
Steinbach et al., Saint Louis, United States. In Plos One, 2013
We previously undertook pooled sequencing of the coding regions and flanking sequence of the CHRNA5, CHRNA3, CHRNB4, CHRNA6 and CHRNB3 genes and found that rare missense variants at conserved residues in CHRNB4 are associated with reduced risk of nicotine dependence among African Americans.
Role of nicotine dependence on the relationship between variants in the nicotinic receptor genes and risk of lung adenocarcinoma.
Lin et al., Tampa, United States. In Plos One, 2013
We evaluated 23 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the five nicotinic receptor related genes (CHRNB3, CHRNA6, and CHRNA5/A3/B4) previously reported to be associated with lung cancer risk and smoking behavior and 14 SNPs in the four 'control' genes (TERT, CLPTM1L, CYP1A1, and TP53), which were not reported in the smoking GWA studies.
Modulation of gain-of-function α6*-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor by β3 subunits.
Lukas et al., Phoenix, United States. In J Biol Chem, 2012
beta3 subunit coexpression promotes function of alpha6*-nAChR
Protein kinase C epsilon modulates nicotine consumption and dopamine reward signals in the nucleus accumbens.
Messing et al., San Francisco, United States. In Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2011
Data show that in Prkce(-/-) mice, conditioned place preference and self-administer behaviors are associated with reduced levels of alpha(6) and beta(3) nicotinic receptor subunit mRNA in the ventral midbrain and striatum.
[Human chromosome 8p11 (CHRNB3-CHRNA6) region gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to lung cancer in Chinese Han population].
Lu et al., Shanghai, China. In Yi Chuan, 2011
CHRNB3 and CHRNA6 polymorphisms are associated with smoking behavior and lung cancer susceptibility in Chinese Han population.
Genetic association of bipolar disorder with the β(3) nicotinic receptor subunit gene.
NIMH Genetics Initiative Bipolar Disorder Consortium et al., Saint Louis, United States. In Psychiatr Genet, 2011
Variants in CHRNB3/CHRNA6 are independently associated with bipolar disorder.
Reward-related genes and personality traits in alcohol-dependent individuals: a pilot case control study.
Engel et al., Göteborg, Sweden. In Neuropsychobiology, 2010
The GG genotype of SNP rs13261190 in the CHRNB3 was associated with increased novelty seeking in alcohol-dependent individuals.
Sequence variants at CHRNB3-CHRNA6 and CYP2A6 affect smoking behavior.
Stefansson et al., Reykjavík, Iceland. In Nat Genet, 2010
CHRNB3-CHRNA6 and CYP2A6 sequence variants affect smoking behavior
Differential contribution of genetic variation in multiple brain nicotinic cholinergic receptors to nicotine dependence: recent progress and emerging open questions.
Lerer et al., Jerusalem, Israel. In Mol Psychiatry, 2009
This situation has changed dramatically in the last 2 years during which intensive research had addressed the issue, mainly from the genetics perspective, and has shown the importance of the CHRNA5-CHRNA3-CHRNB4 and CHRNA6-CHRNB3 loci in ND-related phenotypes.
Chromosome 8p as a potential hub for developmental neuropsychiatric disorders: implications for schizophrenia, autism and cancer.
Rubenstein et al., Valencia, Spain. In Mol Psychiatry, 2009
Molecular genetics and developmental studies have identified 21 genes in this region (ADRA1A, ARHGEF10, CHRNA2, CHRNA6, CHRNB3, DKK4, DPYSL2, EGR3, FGF17, FGF20, FGFR1, FZD3, LDL, NAT2, NEF3, NRG1, PCM1, PLAT, PPP3CC, SFRP1 and VMAT1/SLC18A1) that are most likely to contribute to neuropsychiatric disorders (schizophrenia, autism, bipolar disorder and depression), neurodegenerative disorders (Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease) and cancer.
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