Wheels within wheels: new transcriptional feedback loops in the Arabidopsis circadian clock.
United States. In F1000prime Rep, 2013
To date, the majority of plant transcription factors constituting these loops, including the central oscillator components CIRCADIAN CLOCK ASSOCIATED 1 (CCA1), LATE ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL (LHY), and TIMING OF CAB2 EXPRESSION 1 (TOC1), and the related PSEUDO-RESPONSE REGULATORS (PRRs), are transcriptional repressors, leading to a model of the clock emphasizing repressive interactions.
Coordinated transcriptional regulation underlying the circadian clock in Arabidopsis.
New Haven, United States. In Nat Cell Biol, 2011
Here, we show that in Arabidopsis thaliana, FHY3, FAR1 and HY5, three positive regulators of the phytochrome A signalling pathway, directly bind to the promoter of ELF4, a proposed component of the central oscillator, and activate its expression during the day, whereas the circadian-controlled CCA1 and LHY proteins directly suppress ELF4 expression periodically at dawn through physical interactions with these transcription-promoting factors.
Circadian rhythms persist without transcription in a eukaryote.
Edinburgh, United Kingdom. In Nature, 2011
The unicellular pico-eukaryotic alga Ostreococcus tauri possesses a naturally minimized clock, which includes many features that are shared with plants, such as a central negative feedback loop that involves the morning-expressed CCA1 and evening-expressed TOC1 genes.