Spontaneous cleavage of proteins at serine and threonine is facilitated by zinc.
Wollongong, Australia. In Aging Cell, Feb 2016
NMR analysis indicated that the imidazole group co-ordinates zinc and that once zinc is co-ordinated, it can polarize the carbonyl group of the peptide bond in a manner analogous to that observed in the active site of the metalloexopeptidase, carboxypeptidase A. The hydroxyl side chain of Ser/Thr is then able to cleave the adjacent peptide bond.
Activities and regulation of peptidoglycan synthases.
Utrecht, Netherlands. In Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, Nov 2015
We provide new data showing that the bifunctional PBP1A and PBP1B from Escherichia coli are active upon reconstitution into the membrane environment of proteoliposomes, and that these enzymes also exhibit DD-carboxypeptidase activity in certain conditions.
The Dipeptidyl Peptidase Family, Prolyl Oligopeptidase, and Prolyl Carboxypeptidase in the Immune System and Inflammatory Disease, Including Atherosclerosis.
Antwerp, Belgium. In Front Immunol, 2014
In this review, we provide a comprehensive discussion on the role of prolyl-specific peptidases DPPIV, FAP, DPP8, DPP9, dipeptidyl peptidase II, prolyl carboxypeptidase, and prolyl oligopeptidase in the immune system and its diseases.