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U2 small nuclear RNA auxiliary factor 2
U2AF65, U2AF(65), U2 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein auxiliary factor
U2 auxiliary factor (U2AF), comprised of a large and a small subunit, is a non-snRNP protein required for the binding of U2 snRNP to the pre-mRNA branch site. This gene encodes the U2AF large subunit which contains a sequence-specific RNA-binding region with 3 RNA recognition motifs and an Arg/Ser-rich domain necessary for splicing. The large subunit binds to the polypyrimidine tract of introns early during spliceosome assembly. Multiple transcript variants have been detected for this gene, but the full-length natures of only two have been determined to date. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Valcárcel et al., Barcelona, Spain. In Mol Cell, 2012
hnRNP A1 forms a ternary complex with the U2AF heterodimer on AG-containing/uridine-rich RNAs, while it displaces U2AF from non-AG-containing/uridine-rich RNAs, an activity that requires the glycine-rich domain of hnRNP A1
the molecular mechanisms of the recognition of the 3'-splice-site-associated polypyrimidine tract RNA by the large subunit of the human U2 snRNP auxiliary factor (U2AF65) as a key early step in pre-mRNA splicing