Dynamic modulation of Dnmt2-dependent tRNA methylation by the micronutrient queuine.
Berlin, Germany. In Nucleic Acids Res, Jan 2016
In vivo tRNA methylation levels were stimulated by growth of cells in queuine-containing medium; in vitro Pmt1 activity was enhanced on Q-containing RNA; and queuine-stimulated in vivo methylation was abrogated by the absence of the enzyme that inserts queuine into tRNA, eukaryotic tRNA-guanine transglycosylase.
Biosynthesis of the 7-deazaguanosine hypermodified nucleosides of transfer RNA.
Portland, United States. In Bioorg Chem, 2003
This review covers current understanding of the physiology and biosynthesis of these remarkable nucleosides, with particular emphasis on the only two enzymes that have been discovered in the pathways: tRNA-guanine transglycosylase (TGT), which catalyzes the insertion of a modified base into the polynucleotide with the concomitant elimination of the genetically encoded guanine in the biosynthesis of both nucleosides, and S-adenosylmethionine:tRNA ribosyltransferase-isomerase (QueA), which catalyzes the penultimate step in the biosynthesis of queuosine, the construction of the carbocyclic side chain.