Titin-mediated control of cardiac myofibrillar function.
Morocco. In Arch Biochem Biophys, 20 Dec 2013
A potential mechanism for faster loaded shortening at short SL is that, at short SL, titin becomes less taut, which increases the flexibility of the cross-bridges, a process that may be mediated by titin's interactions with thick filament proteins.
A novel paradigm for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: comorbidities drive myocardial dysfunction and remodeling through coronary microvascular endothelial inflammation.
Amsterdam, Netherlands. In J Am Coll Cardiol, Aug 2013
The new paradigm presumes the following sequence of events in HFPEF: 1) a high prevalence of comorbidities such as overweight/obesity, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and salt-sensitive hypertension induce a systemic proinflammatory state; 2) a systemic proinflammatory state causes coronary microvascular endothelial inflammation; 3) coronary microvascular endothelial inflammation reduces nitric oxide bioavailability, cyclic guanosine monophosphate content, and protein kinase G (PKG) activity in adjacent cardiomyocytes; 4) low PKG activity favors hypertrophy development and increases resting tension because of hypophosphorylation of titin; and 5) both stiff cardiomyocytes and interstitial fibrosis contribute to high diastolic left ventricular (LV) stiffness and heart failure development.