Selective Phosphorylation of South and North-Cytidine and Adenosine Methanocarba-Nucleosides by Human Nucleoside and Nucleotide Kinases Correlates with Their Growth Inhibitory Effects on Cultured Cells.
Uppsala, Sweden. In Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids, 2014
locked deoxycytidine (S-MCdC, N-MCdC), and deoxyadenosine analogs (S-MCdA and N-MCdA) were examined as substrates for purified preparations of human deoxynucleoside kinases: dCK, dGK, TK2, TK1, the ribonucleoside kinase UCK2, two NMP kinases (CMPK1, TMPK) and a NDP kinase.
Thymidylate kinase: an old topic brings new perspectives.
Jinan, China. In Curr Med Chem, 2012
Thymidylate kinase (TMPK) is a key enzyme for pyrimidine synthesis that catalyzes the phosphorylation of thymidine 5'-monophosphate (dTMP) in the presence of ATP and Mg(2+) to form thymidine 5'-diphosphate (dTDP), which is then converted to thymidine 5'-triphosphate (dTTP) by nucleoside-diphosphate kinase (NDK).
Mitotic control of dTTP pool: a necessity or coincidence?
Taipei, Taiwan. In J Biomed Sci, 2007
Intracellular thymidine is salvaged to dTTP by cytosolic thymidine kinase (TK1) and thymidylate kinase (TMPK), both of which expression increase in the G1/S transition and diminish in the mitotic phase via proteolytic destruction.
The bottleneck in AZT activation.
Dortmund, Germany. In Nat Med, 1997
Thus, for the most extensively used drug, 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT), whereas phosphorylation to the monophosphate is facile, the product is a very poor substrate for the next kinase in the cascade, thymidylate kinase.
HYDROXYUREA: INHIBITORY EFFECT ON DNA METABOLISM.
In Science, 1964
Hydroxyurea does not affect thymidine kinase, thymidylate kinase, or DNA polymerase reactions, but it does inhibit incorporation of cytidylic and guanylic acids into DNA in cell-free supernatants.