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TGFB-induced factor homeobox 1

TGIF, TG-interacting factor
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the three-amino acid loop extension (TALE) superclass of atypical homeodomains. TALE homeobox proteins are highly conserved transcription regulators. This particular homeodomain binds to a previously characterized retinoid X receptor responsive element from the cellular retinol-binding protein II promoter. In addition to its role in inhibiting 9-cis-retinoic acid-dependent RXR alpha transcription activation of the retinoic acid responsive element, the protein is an active transcriptional co-repressor of SMAD2 and may participate in the transmission of nuclear signals during development and in the adult. Mutations in this gene are associated with holoprosencephaly type 4, which is a structural anomaly of the brain. Alternative splicing has been observed at this locus and eight variants, encoding four distinct isoforms, are described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: TGF-beta, CAN, ACID, Shh, Smad2
Papers on TGIF
Gene expression variance in hippocampal tissue of temporal lobe epilepsy patients corresponds to differential memory performance.
Becker et al., Bonn, Germany. In Neurobiol Dis, 29 Feb 2016
Using in vitro luciferase transfection assays, we found that BIN1 promoter activation is genotype dependent and strongly increased by reduced binding of the transcriptional repressor TGIF.
Histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A resensitizes gemcitabine resistant urothelial carcinoma cells via suppression of TG-interacting factor.
Huang et al., Tainan City, Taiwan. In Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 01 Feb 2016
We have demonstrated that increase of TG-interacting factor (TGIF) in specimens is associated with worse prognosis of upper tract UC (UTUC) patients.
The effect of PrP(Sc) accumulation on inflammatory gene expression within sheep peripheral lymphoid tissue.
Hopkins et al., Edinburgh, United Kingdom. In Vet Microbiol, 31 Jan 2016
RT-qPCR analysis of seven genes showed statistically significant correlation with the array data, although the results for IL1RN and TGIF were different between the two technologies.
Elevated expression of TGIF is involved in lung carcinogenesis.
Zhang et al., Zhengzhou, China. In Tumour Biol, 31 Dec 2015
The purpose of this study was to explore the expression of TG-interacting factor (TGIF) in lung carcinogenesis.
TGIF function in oncogenic Wnt signaling.
Atfi et al., Cambridge, United States. In Biochim Biophys Acta, Dec 2015
UNASSIGNED: Transforming growth-interacting factor (TGIF) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many types of human cancer, but the underlying mechanisms remained mostly enigmatic.
Homeodomain proteins: an update.
Affolter et al., Basel, Switzerland. In Chromosoma, Nov 2015
In animals, there are 16 major classes, ANTP, PRD, PRD-LIKE, POU, HNF, CUT (with four subclasses: ONECUT, CUX, SATB, and CMP), LIM, ZF, CERS, PROS, SIX/SO, plus the TALE superclass with the classes IRO, MKX, TGIF, PBC, and MEIS.
The human brain and face: mechanisms of cranial, neurological and facial development revealed through malformations of holoprosencephaly, cyclopia and aberrations in chromosome 18.
Herman et al., Washington, D.C., United States. In J Anat, Sep 2015
where the HPE gene, TGIF, resides, to the p terminus.
Hyperbaric oxygen effects on neuronal apoptosis associations in a traumatic brain injury rat model.
Kuo et al., Tainan City, Taiwan. In J Surg Res, Aug 2015
BACKGROUND: The neuroprotective mechanisms of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on traumatic brain injury (TBI) remain unclear, especially neuronal apoptosis associations such as the expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), transforming growth-interacting factor (TGIF), and TGF-β1 after TBI.
TGIF governs a feed-forward network that empowers Wnt signaling to drive mammary tumorigenesis.
Atfi et al., Boston, United States. In Cancer Cell, May 2015
Moreover, genetic experiments revealed that Tgif1 ablation impeded mammary tumor development in MMTV-Wnt1 mice, further underscoring a requirement of TGIF for oncogenic Wnt signaling.
PHRF1 promotes genome integrity by modulating non-homologous end-joining.
Chang et al., Taipei, Taiwan. In Cell Death Dis, 2014
A recent study reveals that PHRF1 is a tumor suppressor that promotes TGF-β cytostatic signaling through TGIF ubiquitination.
MicroRNA-34a inhibits tumor invasion and metastasis in gastric cancer by targeting Tgif2.
Lin et al., Chengdu, China. In Int J Clin Exp Pathol, 2014
In gastric cancer cells transfected with miR-34a mimic/Tgif siRNA, Tgif2 expression was remarkably down-regulated.
Role of 5'TG3'-interacting factors (TGIFs) in Vorinostat (HDAC inhibitor)-mediated Corneal Fibrosis Inhibition.
Mohan et al., Morocco. In Mol Vis, 2014
RNA isolation, cDNA preparation, and PCR were performed to detect the presence of TGIF1 and TGIF2 transcripts.
Molecular Biology of Pediatric Hydrocephalus and Hydrocephalus-related Diseases.
Kanemura et al., Takatsuki, Japan. In Neurol Med Chir (tokyo), 2014
Sixteen causative genes for HPE have been identified, of which mutations are most often found in SHH, ZIC2, SIX3, and TGIF.
Overexpression of TG-interacting factor is associated with worse prognosis in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma.
Huang et al., Tainan City, Taiwan. In Am J Pathol, 2012
TGIF contributes to the progression of urothelial carcinoma via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-AKT pathway.
Premature senescence and increased TGFβ signaling in the absence of Tgif1.
Wotton et al., Charlottesville, United States. In Plos One, 2011
Data suggest that in the absence of Tgif1, a persistent increase in TGFbeta responsive transcription and a reduced ability to deal with hyperoxic stress result in premature senescence in primary MEFs.
The TGF-β/Smad repressor TG-interacting factor 1 (TGIF1) plays a role in radiation-induced intestinal injury independently of a Smad signaling pathway.
Milliat et al., Fontenay-aux-Roses, France. In Plos One, 2011
TGF-beta/Smad co-repressor TGIF1 plays a role in radiation-induced normal tissue damage by a Smad-independent mechanism.
New findings for phenotype-genotype correlations in a large European series of holoprosencephaly cases.
Odent et al., Rennes, France. In J Med Genet, 2011
There was a positive correlation between the severity of the brain malformation and facial features for SHH, SIX3, and TGIF, but no such correlation was found for ZIC2 mutations.
Mutations in TGIF cause holoprosencephaly and link NODAL signalling to human neural axis determination.
Elledge et al., Philadelphia, United States. In Nat Genet, 2000
Here we describe the involvement of the TG-interacting factor (TGIF), a homeodomain protein, in human HPE.
A Smad transcriptional corepressor.
Massagué et al., New York City, United States. In Cell, 1999
We identified the homeodomain protein TGIF as a Smad2-binding protein and a repressor of transcription.
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