TAR RNA-binding protein
Double-stranded RNA in the biological control of grain aphid (Sitobion avenae F.).
Beijing, China. In Funct Integr Genomics, Mar 2015
Functional annotation of these unigenes revealed not only the presence of genes that encode the key components of RNAi machinery such as Dicer and Argonaute but also the genes encoding the TAR RNA binding protein (TRBP) and the SID-1 protein, which function in assisting the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) formation in microRNA (miRNA) pathway and mediating a systemic RNA interference (RNAi) effect though a cellular uptake mechanism.
Regulatory networks between neurotrophins and miRNAs in brain diseases and cancers.
San Francisco, United States. In Acta Pharmacol Sin, Feb 2015
The results of BNDF research show that neurotrophins regulate miRNAs in at least three ways: (1) ERK stimulation enhances the activation of TRBP (HIV-1 TAR RNA-binding protein) and Dicer, leading to the upregulation of miRNA biogenesis; (2) ERK-dependent upregulation of Lin28a (RNA-binding proteins) blocks select miRNA biogenesis; (3) transcriptional regulation of miRNA expression through activation of transcription factors, including CREB and NF-κB.
Protein components of the microRNA pathway and human diseases.
Québec, Canada. In Methods Mol Biol, 2008
However, the accessory proteins of the miRNA pathway, such as the DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 8 (DGCR8) protein, Exportin-5 (Exp-5), TAR RNA binding protein (TRBP) and fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), are each related, in various ways, to specific genetic diseases.