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proteins. Page last changed on 19 Dec 2016.
TAF11 RNA polymerase II, TATA box binding protein
TAFII, hTAFII28, hTAF(II)28, TAF(II)28
Initiation of transcription by RNA polymerase II requires the activities of more than 70 polypeptides. The protein that coordinates these activities is transcription factor IID (TFIID), which binds to the core promoter to position the polymerase properly, serves as the scaffold for assembly of the remainder of the transcription complex, and acts as a channel for regulatory signals. TFIID is composed of the TATA-binding protein (TBP) and a group of evolutionarily conserved proteins known as TBP-associated factors or TAFs. TAFs may participate in basal transcription, serve as coactivators, function in promoter recognition or modify general transcription factors (GTFs) to facilitate complex assembly and transcription initiation. This gene encodes a small subunit of TFIID that is present in all TFIID complexes and interacts with TBP. This subunit also interacts with another small subunit, TAF13, to form a heterodimer with a structure similar to the histone core structure. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
At the same time, the number of such patients undergoing surgery for the treatment of toxico-allergic forms (TAF-I and TAF-II) decreased from 26.7 to 8.7-11.6% of their total number admitted to the department for the treatment of pharyngeal pathology.
Roeder et al., New York City, United States. In Mol Cell, 2003
Human TFIID contains the TATA-binding protein (TBP) and several TBP-associated factors (hTAFs) that have been shown to play important roles, within TFIID, both in core promoter recognition and as coactivators.
Van Dorsselaer et al., Strasbourg, France. In Proteomics, 2003
Initiation of transcription of protein-encoding genes by RNA polymerase II was thought to require the transcription factor II D (TF(II)D), a complex comprising the TATA binding protein (TBP) and TBP-associated factors.
Levy et al., New York City, United States. In Nat Cell Biol, 2002
The TFIID component TAF(II)130 potentiates STAT2 function, but TAF(II)28 or the HAT activity of TAF(II)250 do not, and transcriptional induction can proceed independently of the TATA-binding protein, TBP.
Schultz et al., Strasbourg, France. In Science, 2000
TBP (TATA-binding protein)-associated factors (TAF(II)s) are components of large multiprotein complexes such as TFIID, TFTC, STAGA, PCAF/GCN5, and SAGA, which play a key role in the regulation of gene expression by RNA polymerase II.