Fibrates and cholestasis.
New Haven, United States. In Hepatology, Aug 2015
One of these NRs is peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), which plays a central role in maintaining cholesterol, lipid, and bile acid homeostasis by regulating genes responsible for bile acid synthesis and transport in humans, including cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoform 7A1 (CYP7A1), CYP27A1, CYP8B1, uridine 5'-diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1, 1A3, 1A4, 1A6, hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase enzyme 2A1, multidrug resistance protein 3, and apical sodium-dependent bile salt transporter.
Reduced sulfotransferase SULT2A1 activity in patients with Alzheimer´s disease.
Praha, Czech Republic. In Physiol Res, 2014
In the present study we evaluate the role of steroid sulfotransferase SULT2A1 in the pathophysiology of AD on the basis of circulating steroids (measured by GC-MS), in which the sulfation catalyzed by SULT2A1 dominates over glucuronidation (pregnenolone/sulfate, DHEA/sulfate, androstenediol/sulfate and 5alpha-reduced pregnane and androstane catabolites).
Interactions of cytosolic sulfotransferases with xenobiotics.
Gainesville, United States. In Drug Metab Rev, 2013
The human cytosolic sulfotransferases that have been most studied, namely SULT1A1, SULT1A3, SULT1B1, SULT1E1 and SULT2A1, are expressed in different tissues of the body, including liver, intestine, adrenal, brain and skin.