The protein encoded by this gene is a type II membrane protein that is thought to catalyze the transfer of sialic acid from CMP-sialic acid to N-linked oligosaccharides and glycoproteins. The encoded protein may be found in the Golgi apparatus and may be involved in the production of polysialic acid, a modulator of the adhesive properties of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM1). This protein is a member of glycosyltransferase family 29. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Schmidt et al., Stuttgart, Germany. In Int J Food Microbiol, Feb 2016
Food-borne Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O113:H21 strain TS18/08, that has previously been isolated from mixed minced meat, harbors the Shiga toxin (Stx) encoding allele stx2a, the plasmid-located subtilase cytotoxin encoding allele subAB1 and the cytolethal distending toxin type V encoding gene cdt-V.
Kim et al., Taejŏn, South Korea. In J Microbiol Biotechnol, Jan 2016
Although numerous studies report proinflammatory responses to Stx type 1 (Stx1) or Stx type 2 (Stx2) both in vivo and in vitro, none have examined dynamic immune regulation involving cytokines and/or unknown inflammatory mediators during intoxication.
Troy et al., Nanning, China. In Protein Pept Lett, 2014
Synthesis of α2,8-polysialic acid (polySia) glycans are catalyzed by two highly homologous mammalian polysialyltransferases (polySTs), ST8Sia II (STX) and ST8Sia IV (PST), which are two members of the ST8Sia gene family of sialytransferases.
He et al., Albany, United States. In Toxins (basel), 2014
We determined that this approach can be used to detect, quantify and distinguish among the known Shiga toxins (Stx) and Shiga-like toxins (Stx1 and Stx2) in the low attomole range (per injection) in complex media, including human serum.