This gene encodes a cytosolic, NADP-dependent enzyme that generates NADPH for fatty acid biosynthesis. The activity of this enzyme, the reversible oxidative decarboxylation of malate, links the glycolytic and citric acid cycles. The regulation of expression for this gene is complex. Increased expression can result from elevated levels of thyroid hormones or by higher proportions of carbohydrates in the diet. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
... Rabbit polyclonal antibodies against c-Cbl, Cbl-b, EpoR, Jak2 (C-20 and M-126), and STAT5A as well as a mouse monoclonal antibody against α-tubulin were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, CA, USA) ...
... the reaction was carried out for 20 minutes at room temperature.Afterwards, beads were washed with MES-T buffer using centrifugation at 600 G for 8 minutes on 3-µm Transwell inserts (Life Technologies) assembled on top of ...
Bishop et al., United States. In Nat Immunol, Sep 2014
TRAF3 dampened interleukin 2 (IL-2) signaling by facilitating recruitment of the tyrosine phosphatase TCPTP to the IL-2 receptor complex, which resulted in dephosphorylation of the signaling molecules Jak1 and Jak3 and negative regulation of signaling via Jak and the transcription factor STAT5.
Walzer et al., Lyon, France. In Nat Immunol, Aug 2014
Here we found that the metabolic checkpoint kinase mTOR was activated and boosted bioenergetic metabolism after exposure of NK cells to high concentrations of IL-15, whereas low doses of IL-15 triggered only phosphorylation of the transcription factor STAT5. mTOR stimulated the growth and nutrient uptake of NK cells and positively fed back on the receptor for IL-15.
Suenobu et al., Suita, Japan. In Acc Chem Res, Jun 2014
Our most successful example, 9-mesityl-10-methylacridinium ion (Acr(+)-Mes), can undergo a fast photoinduced ET from the mesityl (Mes) moiety to the singlet excited state of the acridinium ion moiety (Acr(+)) with extremely slow back ET.
Chiang et al., State College, United States. In Membranes (basel), Dec 2013
When Saccharomyces cerevisiae is starved of glucose, the gluconeogenic enzymes fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, isocitrate lyase, and malate dehydrogenase, as well as the non-gluconeogenic enzymes glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and cyclophilin A, are secreted into the periplasm.
Wang et al., T'ai-chung-shih, Taiwan. In J Tradit Complement Med, 2013
This review thus focuses on the recent advances of mulberry extracts (MEs) and their applications in the prevention and treatment of human cancer, liver disease, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.