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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 25 Jan 2016.

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 2, 113kDa

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the STAT protein family. In response to cytokines and growth factors, STAT family members are phosphorylated by the receptor associated kinases, and then form homo- or heterodimers that translocate to the cell nucleus where they act as transcription activators. In response to interferon (IFN), this protein forms a complex with STAT1 and IFN regulatory factor family protein p48 (ISGF3G), in which this protein acts as a transactivator, but lacks the ability to bind DNA directly. Transcription adaptor P300/CBP (EP300/CREBBP) has been shown to interact specifically with this protein, which is thought to be involved in the process of blocking IFN-alpha response by adenovirus. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: STAT1, STAT3, CAN, Janus kinase, IFN-gamma
Papers on STAT2
Upregulation of the Suppressors of Cytokine Signaling 1 and 3 Is Associated with Arrest of Phosphorylated-STAT1 Nuclear Importation and Reduced Innate Response in Denguevirus-Infected Macrophages.
Reyes-Leyva et al., Metepec, Mexico. In Viral Immunol, 28 Jan 2016
Complete loss of phosphorylated-signal transducer and activator of transcription (p-STAT)2 and reduced nuclear importation of p-STAT1 were observed in DENV-infected cells compared to IFN-α treatment that induced p-STAT1 and p-STAT2.
The immune evasion function of J and Beilong virus V proteins is distinct from that of other paramyxoviruses, consistent with a separate "Jeilongvirus" genus.
Moseley et al., Australia. In J Gen Virol, 24 Jan 2016
However, in contrast to most other paramyxoviruses, the JPV and BeiPV V proteins did not interact with nor inhibit signalling by STAT1 or STAT2, suggesting that JPV/BeiPV use an atypical V protein-independent strategy to target STATs, consistent with their inclusion in a separate genus.
Hemagglutinin of influenza A virus antagonizes type I IFN responses by inducing degradation of type I IFN receptor 1.
Hahm et al., Columbia, United States. In J Virol, 16 Jan 2016
IAV HA robustly reduced cellular sensitivity to type I IFNs, suppressing the activation of STAT1/STAT2 and induction of IFN-stimulated anti-viral proteins.
The non-pathogenic Henipavirus Cedar paramyxovirus phosphoprotein has a compromised ability to target STAT1 and STAT2.
Netter et al., Australia. In Antiviral Res, 31 Dec 2015
Immune evasion by the lethal henipaviruses, Hendra (HeV) and Nipah virus, is mediated by its interferon (IFN) antagonist P gene products, phosphoprotein (P), and the related V and W proteins, which can target the signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) and STAT2 proteins to inhibit IFN/STAT signaling.
Distal regulatory element of the STAT1 gene potentially mediates positive feedback control of STAT1 expression.
Hijikata et al., Musashino, Japan. In Genes Cells, 23 Dec 2015
Forced STAT1 expression or IFN treatment increased the expression of endogenous STAT1 and other IFN signaling pathway components, such as STAT2, IRF9 and IRF1, besides IFN-responsive genes.
La Piedad Michoacán Mexico Virus V protein antagonizes type I interferon response by binding STAT2 protein and preventing STATs nuclear translocation.
García-Sastre et al., New York City, United States. In Virus Res, 03 Dec 2015
In this study we demonstrate that LPMV-V protein antagonizes type I but not type II IFN signaling by binding STAT2, a component of the type I IFN cascade.
Expression analysis of apolipoprotein E and its associated genes in gastric cancer.
Jin et al., Changchun, China. In Oncol Lett, Sep 2015
Among these ApoE-associated genes, expression of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 2 (STAT2) and STAT3 transcription factors was upregulated.
Characterising the immune profile of the kidney biopsy at lupus nephritis flare differentiates early treatment responders from non-responders.
Rovin et al., Columbus, United States. In Lupus Sci Med, 2014
The top genes responsible for CR clustering included several interferon pathway genes (STAT1, IRF1, IRF7, MX1, STAT2, JAK2), while complement genes (C1R, C1QB, C6, C9, C5, MASP2) were mainly responsible for NR clustering.
Identification of mutant genes with high-frequency, high-risk, and high-expression in lung adenocarcinoma.
Mei et al., Shanghai, China. In Thorac Cancer, 2014
Notably, signal transducer and activator of transcription 2 (STAT2) was the only transcription factor (TF) with high-risk mutation and its expression was detected.
A variant upstream of IFNL3 (IL28B) creating a new interferon gene IFNL4 is associated with impaired clearance of hepatitis C virus.
O'Brien et al., Bethesda, United States. In Nat Genet, 2013
Transient overexpression of IFNL4 in a hepatoma cell line induced STAT1 and STAT2 phosphorylation and the expression of interferon-stimulated genes.
A haplotype at STAT2 Introgressed from neanderthals and serves as a candidate of positive selection in Papua New Guinea.
Hammer et al., Tucson, United States. In Am J Hum Genet, 2012
A haplotype at STAT2 introgressed from neanderthals serves as a candidate of positive selection in Papua New Guinea.
HSV-2 inhibits type-I interferon signaling via multiple complementary and compensatory STAT2-associated mechanisms.
Foster et al., New Orleans, United States. In Virus Res, 2012
These results indicate the importance that herpes simplex virus 2 has assigned to STAT2, investing significant genomic currency throughout its replicative lifecycle for continuous targeted destruction and inhibition of this protein.
Mice deficient in STAT1 but not STAT2 or IRF9 develop a lethal CD4+ T-cell-mediated disease following infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus.
Campbell et al., Sydney, Australia. In J Virol, 2012
STAT1, not STAT2 or IRF9, prevent the emergence of a lethal antiviral CD4(+) T-cell response after lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection.
The JAK-STAT pathway at twenty.
Darnell et al., Cleveland, United States. In Immunity, 2012
We look back on the discoveries that the tyrosine kinases TYK2 and JAK1 and the transcription factors STAT1, STAT2, and IRF9 are required for the cellular response to type I interferons.
Gene expression profile reveals that STAT2 is involved in the immunosuppressive function of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.
Song et al., Inch'ŏn, South Korea. In Gene, 2012
STAT2 is functionally involved in the immunosuppressive activity of hcMSCs as a novel regulator under inflammatory conditions.
The transcription factor STAT2 enhances proteasomal degradation of RCAN1 through the ubiquitin E3 ligase FBW7.
Chung et al., Seoul, South Korea. In Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2012
Co-immunoprecipitation/immunoblot analyses showed that STAT2 enhanced RCAN1 ubiquitination through the ubiquitin E3 ligase FBW7..
NLRX1 protein attenuates inflammatory responses to infection by interfering with the RIG-I-MAVS and TRAF6-NF-κB signaling pathways.
Ting et al., Chapel Hill, United States. In Immunity, 2011
We showed that Nlrx1(-/-) mice exhibited increased expression of antiviral signaling molecules IFN-β, STAT2, OAS1, and IL-6 after influenza virus infection.
Nonconventional initiation complex assembly by STAT and NF-kappaB transcription factors regulates nitric oxide synthase expression.
Decker et al., Vienna, Austria. In Immunity, 2010
Here we showed sequential and cooperative contributions of the transcription factors ISGF3 (a complex containing STAT1, STAT2, and IRF9 subunits) and NF-kappaB to the transcriptional induction of the Nos2 gene in macrophages infected with the intracellular bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes.
Acetylation-dependent signal transduction for type I interferon receptor.
Chin et al., Providence, United States. In Cell, 2007
IRF9 interacts with the acetyl-Lys399 motif by means of its IRF homology2 (IH2) domain, leading to formation of the ISGF3 complex that includes IRF9, STAT1, and STAT2.
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