Etiology and early pathogenesis of malignant testicular germ cell tumors: towards possibilities for preinvasive diagnosis.
Rotterdam, Netherlands. In Asian J Androl, 20 Apr 2015
Since 2009, several genome wide association studies (GWAS) have been published, reporting on single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with significant associations in or near the genes KITLG, SPRY4, BAK1, DMRT1, TERT, ATF7IP, HPGDS, MAD1L1, RFWD3, TEX14, and PPM1E, likely to be related to TGCT development.
[Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and Kallmann syndrome in males].
Cluj-Napoca / Kolozsvár, Romania. In Presse Med, Feb 2014
Mutations in KAL1, FGFR1/FGF8/FGF17, PROK2/PROKR2, NELF, CHD7, HS6ST1, WDR11, SEMA3A, SOX10, IL17RD2, DUSP6, SPRY4, and FLRT3 have been associated with KS but sometimes also with its milder hyposmic/normosmic CHH clinical variant.
Reproduction, smell, and neurodevelopmental disorders: genetic defects in different hypogonadotropic hypogonadal syndromes.
Liège, Belgium. In Front Endocrinol (lausanne), 2013
KS is associated with mutations in KAL1, FGFR1/FGF8, FGF17, IL17RD, PROK2/PROKR2, NELF, CHD7, HS6ST1, FLRT3, SPRY4, DUSP6, SEMA3A, NELF, and WDR11 genes that are related to defects in neuronal migration.
Genetic changes in nonepithelial ovarian cancer.
Leuven, Belgium. In Expert Rev Anticancer Ther, 2013
In the latter, recent genome-wide association studies have identified seven susceptibility loci near KITLG, SPRY4, UKC2, BAK1, DMRT1, TERT and ATF7IP.
High marks for GWAS.
Bethesda, United States. In Nat Genet, 2009
Two genome-wide association studies for testicular cancer report associations at three new loci, including two candidate genes previously implicated in testicular development, KITLG (ligand for the receptor tyrosine kinase) and SPRY4 (sprouty 4).
Sef is a feedback-induced antagonist of Ras/MAPK-mediated FGF signalling.
Strasbourg, France. In Nat Cell Biol, 2002
On the basis of similarities in their expression patterns during embryonic development, we have identified five genes that define a synexpression group -- fgf8, fgf3, sprouty2, sprouty4, as well as a novel gene, sef (similar expression to fgf genes).