Clinical review: Genome-wide association studies of skeletal phenotypes: what we have learned and where we are headed.
Boston, United States. In J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2012
Among 59 novel BMD GWAS loci that have not been reported by previous candidate gene association studies, some have been shown to be involved in key biological pathways involving the skeleton, particularly Wnt signaling (AXIN1, LRP5, CTNNB1, DKK1, FOXC2, HOXC6, LRP4, MEF2C, PTHLH, RSPO3, SFRP4, TGFBR3, WLS, WNT3, WNT4, WNT5B, WNT16), bone development: ossification (CLCN7, CSF1, MEF2C, MEPE, PKDCC, PTHLH, RUNX2, SOX6, SOX9, SPP1, SP7), mesenchymal-stem-cell differentiation (FAM3C, MEF2C, RUNX2, SOX4, SOX9, SP7), osteoclast differentiation (JAG1, RUNX2), and TGF-signaling (FOXL1, SPTBN1, TGFBR3).
Targeted therapeutic strategies for fetal hemoglobin induction.
Boston, United States. In Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program, 2010
This article reviews these developments and discusses how molecules including BCL11A, KLF1, MYB, SOX6, miRNAs 15a and 16-1, and histone deacetylase 1 and 2 (HDAC1/2) could be important targets for HbF induction in humans.