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SIX homeobox 3

Six3, Six6
This gene encodes a member of the sine oculis homeobox transcription factor family. The encoded protein plays a role in eye development. Mutations in this gene have been associated with holoprosencephaly type 2. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009] (from NCBI)
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Top mentioned proteins: Shh, TGIF, ZIC2, CAN, HAD
Papers using Six3 antibodies
Electrophoretic transfer of proteins from polyacrylamide gels to nitrocellulose sheets: procedure and some applications.
Linden Rafael, In PLoS ONE, 1978
... Homozygous HB (lox/lox) mice (C57BL/6J) were bred with Six3 promoter driven by Cre-recombinase transgenic mice (C57BL/6-) ...
Papers on Six3
A Genetic Variant in TGFBR3-CDC7 Is Associated with Visual Field Progression in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Patients from Singapore.
Vithana et al., Singapore, Singapore. In Ophthalmology, 14 Oct 2015
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their proxies from 10 POAG-associated loci (CAV1-CAV2, CDKN2B-AS1, SIX1-SIX6, an intergenic region on chromosome 8q22, ABCA1, GAS7, AFAP1, GMDS, PMM2, and TGFBR3-CDC7) identified from genome-wide association studies were tested for association with VF progression using logistic regression with an additive genetic model adjusting for age, gender, average intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), and baseline vertical cup-to-disc ratio (VCDR).
Evolution and development of the adelphophagic, intracapsular Schmidt's larva of the nemertean Lineus ruber.
Hejnol et al., Bergen, Norway. In Evodevo, Dec 2014
The expression of evolutionarily conserved anterior (foxQ2, six3/6, gsc, otx), endomesodermal (foxA, GATA456-a, twi-a) and posterior (evx, cdx) markers demonstrate that the juvenile retains the molecular patterning of the Schmidt's larva.
Transdifferentiation of periodontal ligament-derived stem cells into retinal ganglion-like cells and its microRNA signature.
Pang et al., Hong Kong, Hong Kong. In Sci Rep, Dec 2014
The differentiated PDLSCs demonstrated the characteristics of functional neurons as they expressed neuronal and retinal ganglion cell markers (ATOH7, POU4F2, β-III tubulin, MAP2, TAU, NEUROD1 and SIX3), formed synapses and showed glutamate-induced calcium responses as well as spontaneous electrical activities.
Exploring DNA methylation changes in promoter, intragenic, and intergenic regions as early and late events in breast cancer formation.
Ehrlich et al., Chicago, United States. In Bmc Cancer, Dec 2014
The DNA regions studied were promoters (BRCA1, CD44, ESR1, GSTM2, GSTP1, MAGEA1, MSI1, NFE2L3, RASSF1A, RUNX3, SIX3 and TFF1), far-upstream regions (EN1, PAX3, PITX2, and SGK1), introns (APC, EGFR, LHX2, RFX1 and SOX9) and the LINE-1 and satellite 2 DNA repeats.
Transcriptional profiles of pilocytic astrocytoma are related to their three different locations, but not to radiological tumor features.
Zakrzewska et al., Łódź, Poland. In Bmc Cancer, Dec 2014
The most prominent differences were noted for IRX2, PAX3, CXCL14, LHX2, SIX6, CNTN1 and SIX1 genes expression even within different compartments of the supratentorial region.
Genetics of primary open angle glaucoma.
Araie et al., Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn J Ophthalmol, 2014
Several association studies have been conducted for candidate genes, and genome-wide association studies recently identified new susceptibility loci for POAG, namely, S1 RNA binding domain 1 region on chromosome 2p21, the caveolin 1 and caveolin 2 regions on 7q31, transmembrane and coiled-coil domain 1 region on 1q24, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B antisense RNA on 9p21, the SIX1 and SIX6 regions on 14q24 and, possibly, the regulatory region of 8q22.
The bilaterian forebrain: an evolutionary chimaera.
Arendt et al., Heidelberg, Germany. In Curr Opin Neurobiol, 2013
Here, we review recent comparative neurodevelopmental evidence indicating that these centres evolved from separate condensations of neurons on opposite body sides ('apical nervous system' versus 'blastoporal nervous system') and that their developmental specification involved distinct regulatory networks (apical six3 and rx versus mediolateral nk and pax gene-dependent patterning).
Genome-wide meta-analyses of multiancestry cohorts identify multiple new susceptibility loci for refractive error and myopia.
Hammond et al., Rotterdam, Netherlands. In Nat Genet, 2013
The new loci include candidate genes with functions in neurotransmission (GRIA4), ion transport (KCNQ5), retinoic acid metabolism (RDH5), extracellular matrix remodeling (LAMA2 and BMP2) and eye development (SIX6 and PRSS56).
Six3 cooperates with Hedgehog signaling to specify ventral telencephalon by promoting early expression of Foxg1a and repressing Wnt signaling.
Inbal et al., Nashville, United States. In Development, 2012
data find that Six3 promotes ventral telencephalic fates through transient regulation of foxg1a expression and repression of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway.
Dual transcriptional activities of SIX proteins define their roles in normal and ectopic eye development.
Kumar et al., Bloomington, United States. In Development, 2012
Data suggest that during early phases of eye development, So and Optix function, in part, to repress the transcription of non-retinal selector genes, thereby allowing induction of the retina to proceed.
Six3 is required for ependymal cell maturation.
Oliver et al., Memphis, United States. In Development, 2011
It was shown that Six3 is necessary for ependymal cell maturation during postnatal stages of brain development. In its absence, ependymal cells fail to suppress radial glia characteristics.
Eye development genes and known syndromes.
Slavotinek, San Francisco, United States. In Mol Genet Metab, 2011
In addition, we briefly discuss the ocular and extraocular phenotypes associated with several other important eye developmental genes, including GDF6, VSX2, RAX, SHH, SIX6 and PAX6.
New findings for phenotype-genotype correlations in a large European series of holoprosencephaly cases.
Odent et al., Rennes, France. In J Med Genet, 2011
There was a positive correlation between the severity of the brain malformation and facial features for SHH, SIX3, and TGIF, but no such correlation was found for ZIC2 mutations.
Large-scale genome-wide association studies in East Asians identify new genetic loci influencing metabolic traits.
Cho et al., South Korea. In Nat Genet, 2011
(in C12orf51) for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, 2p21 (near SIX2-SIX3) for fasting plasma glucose, 19q13.33 (in RPS11) and 6q22.33 (in RSPO3) for renal traits, and 12q24.11
Etiopathogenetic advances and management of holoprosencephaly: from bench to bedside.
Bona et al., Novara, Italy. In Panminerva Med, 2010
Genetic causes are responsible for about 20% of cases: they are chromosomal abnormalities and gene mutations: up to date, nine genes (SHH, ZIC2, SIX3, TGIF, PATCHED1, TDGF1/CRIPTO, FAST1, GLI2 and DHCR) are definitely associated with HPE, but many others candidate gene are under investigation.
Efficient derivation of functional floor plate tissue from human embryonic stem cells.
Studer et al., New York City, United States. In Cell Stem Cell, 2010
hESC-derived FP tissue is shown to be of anterior SIX6+ character but is responsive to caudalizing factors suppressing SIX6 expression and inducing a shift in usage of region-specific SHH enhancers.
Anophthalmia/Microphthalmia Overview
Schneider et al., Seattle, United States. In Unknown Journal, 2004
Mutations in the following genes are associated with A/M: SIX3, HESX1, BCOR, SHH, PAX6, RAX, CHD7 (CHARGE syndrome), IKBKG (incontinentia pigmenti), NDP (Norrie disease), SOX2 (SOX2-related eye disorders), POMT1 (Walker-Warburg syndrome), and SIX6.
Mutations in TGIF cause holoprosencephaly and link NODAL signalling to human neural axis determination.
Elledge et al., Philadelphia, United States. In Nat Genet, 2000
7); and SIX3 at 2p21 (ref.
Mutations in the homeodomain of the human SIX3 gene cause holoprosencephaly.
Muenke et al., Philadelphia, United States. In Nat Genet, 1999
We describe here the isolation and characterization of the human homeobox-containing SIX3 gene from the HPE2 minimal critical region (MCR).
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