Early detection of colorectal cancer: from conventional methods to novel biomarkers.
Eşfahān, Iran. In J Cancer Res Clin Oncol, Feb 2016
In particular, DNA methylation markers (e.g., SEPT9, SFRP2, and ALX4), circulating microRNAs (e.g., microRNA21), SNPs in microRNAs binding site (e.g., rs4596 located within a target region of the predicted miR-518a-5p and miR-527), protein markers (e.g., carcinoembryonic antigen, N-methyltransferase), or microsatellites instability in tumors with deficient mismatch repair of some genes are among the most interesting and promising biomarkers.
[Markers for non-invasive molecular genetic diagnosis of oncourological diseases].
In Urologiia, 2014
Aberrant methylation of the 5'-regulatory regions of tumor suppressor genes, integrated in the panel, also is considered as a tool in the diagnosis of RC (VHL, RASSF1, RARB2, CDH1), PCa (GSTP1, PTGS2, LGALS3) and BC (RASSF1, APC, SFRP2) after standardization of panels of loci investigated, sample preparation methods, bisulfite conversion, and the design of primers and probes.