Pharmacology of bile acid receptors: Evolution of bile acids from simple detergents to complex signaling molecules.
East Lansing, United States. In Pharmacol Res, Jan 2016
Ultimately, seminal studies by many investigators led to the discovery of several bile acid-activated receptors including the farnesoid X receptor, the vitamin D receptor, the pregnane X receptor, TGR5, α5 β1 integrin, and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2. Several of these receptors are expressed outside of the gastrointestinal system, indicating that bile acids may have diverse functions throughout the body.
Pathogenesis and Management of Pruritus in PBC and PSC.
In Dig Dis, 2014
The current guideline-based recommendations include the anion exchange resins colestyramine, the pregnane X receptor-agonist and enzyme inducer rifampicin, the μ-opioid antagonist naltrexone, and the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors sertraline.
Bile acid signaling in metabolic disease and drug therapy.
Tokelau. In Pharmacol Rev, 2014
The bile acid-activated nuclear receptors farnesoid X receptor, pregnane X receptor, constitutive androstane receptor, vitamin D receptor, and G protein-coupled bile acid receptor play critical roles in the regulation of lipid, glucose, and energy metabolism, inflammation, and drug metabolism and detoxification.