Retinal ultrastructure of murine models of dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Bethesda, United States. In Prog Retin Eye Res, 2010
First, genetically engineered mice that target genes related to juvenile macular dystrophies are the most common models, and they include abcr(-/-) (Stargardt disease), transgenic ELOVL4 (Stargardt-3 dominant inheritary disease), Efemp1(R345W/R345W) (Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy), and Timp3(S156C/S156C) (Sorsby fundus dystrophy) mice.
Genome-wide association analysis identifies 20 loci that influence adult height.
Exeter, United Kingdom. In Nat Genet, 2008
The loci we identified implicate genes in Hedgehog signaling (IHH, HHIP, PTCH1), extracellular matrix (EFEMP1, ADAMTSL3, ACAN) and cancer (CDK6, HMGA2, DLEU7) pathways, and provide new insights into human growth and developmental processes.