Evolving approaches to patients with advanced differentiated thyroid cancer.
Aurora, United States. In Endocr Rev, Jun 2013
Advanced differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), defined by clinical characteristics including gross extrathyroidal invasion, distant metastases, radioiodine (RAI) resistance, and avidity for 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (positron emission tomography-positive), is found in approximately 10-20% of patients with DTC.
New developments in thyroid cancer.
Boston, United States. In J Natl Compr Canc Netw, May 2013
Unfortunately, when the disease becomes refractory to radioactive iodine (RAI), few effective treatment options remain.
Richter's syndrome: a report on 39 patients.
Houston, United States. In J Clin Oncol, 1993
Patients at all Rai stages and in complete response (CR) were at risk, including three CR patients with no residual disease at the level of detection by dual-parameter flow cytometry or restriction analysis for immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangements.