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proteins. Page last changed on 19 Dec 2016.
Protein kinase, AMP-activated, gamma 1 non-catalytic subunit
PRKAG1, AMP-activated protein kinase subunit gamma 1
The protein encoded by this gene is a regulatory subunit of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). AMPK is a heterotrimer consisting of an alpha catalytic subunit, and non-catalytic beta and gamma subunits. AMPK is an important energy-sensing enzyme that monitors cellular energy status. In response to cellular metabolic stresses, AMPK is activated, and thus phosphorylates and inactivates acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) and beta-hydroxy beta-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR), key enzymes involved in regulating de novo biosynthesis of fatty acid and cholesterol. This subunit is one of the gamma regulatory subunits of AMPK. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Vartiainen et al., Helsinki, Finland. In J Cell Sci, Aug 2015
We validate 19 factors as specific hits, and show that Chinmo (known as Bach2 in mammals), SNF4Aγ (Prkag1 in mammals) and Rab18 play a role in nuclear localization of actin in both fly and mammalian cells.
Schumacker et al., Chicago, United States. In Mol Cell Biol, 2011
Findings reveal that hypoxia can trigger AMPK activation in the apparent absence of increased [AMP] through ROS-dependent CRAC channel activation, leading to increases in cytosolic calcium that activate the AMPK upstream kinase CaMKKbeta.
Steen et al., Bergen, Norway. In Pharmacopsychiatry, 2011
METHODS: We genotyped tagSNPs in several genes ( ADIPOQ, PRKAA1, PRKAA2, PRKAB1, PRKAG1, PRKAG2, PRKAG3, FTO and FABP3) that regulate lipid and energy homeostasis for their possible association to antipsychotic-induced weight gain.
Hocquette et al., France. In J Agric Food Chem, 2007
Among these, 23 were up-regulated in the tenderest, juiciest, and tastiest meats, and 18 were highly correlated with both flavor and juiciness (e.g., PRKAG1), explaining up to 60% of their variability.
Womack et al., College Station, United States. In Mamm Genome, 2003
PRKAA1 mapped to BTA 20, PRKAA2 and PRKAB2 to BTA 3, PRKAB1 to BTA 17, PRKAG1 to BTA 5, PRKAG2 to BTA 4, and PRKAG3 to BTA 2. Five of the seven genes mapped to regions expected from human/cattle comparative maps.