Update on the inherited platelet disorders.
Philadelphia, United States. In Curr Opin Hematol, Sep 2015
RECENT FINDINGS: The description of novel mechanisms of disease including mutations in PRKACG, in a family with severe macrothrombocytopenia, RUNX1 and FLI1 mutations in patients with inherited mild platelet function disorders and CalDAG-GEFI resulting in a severe platelet bleeding phenotype show that there is still much to be learned from studying families and molecular sequencing of patients with well phenotyped platelet disorders.
Inherited disorders of platelet function: selected updates.
Pessac, France. In J Thromb Haemost, Jun 2015
Next-generation sequencing technology (NGST), mainly exome sequencing, has highlighted genes responsible for defects in platelet secretion (NBEAL2, gray platelet syndrome), procoagulant activity (STIM1, Stormorken syndrome), and activation pathways (RASGRP2, CalDAG-GEFI deficiency and integrin dysfunction; PRKACG, cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase deficiency).
A closer look at evolution: Variants (SNPs) of genes involved in skin pigmentation, including EXOC2, TYR, TYRP1, and DCT, are associated with 25(OH)D serum concentration.
Homburg, Germany. In Endocrinology, 2015
Serum 25(OH)D and SNPs (n = 960) related to genes with relevance for skin pigmentation (tyrosinase [TYR], TYR-related protein 1 [TYRP1], dopachrome tautomerase [DCT], oculocutaneous albinism II [OCA2], two pore segment channel 2 [TPCN2], solute carrier family 24 A4 [SLC24A4], solute carrier family 45 A2 [SLC45A2], agouti signalling peptide [ASIP], cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor [ATF1], microphthalmia-associated transcription factor [MITF], proopiomelanocortin [POMC], cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit beta [PRKACB], cAMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit gamma [PRKACG], cAMP-dependent protein kinase type I-alpha regulatory subunit [PRKAR1A], cAMP-dependent protein kinase type II-alpha regulatory subunit [PRKAR2A], cAMP-dependent protein kinase type II-beta regulatory subunit [PRKAR2B], tubulin beta-3 chain/melanocortin receptor 1 [TUBB3/MC1R], Cadherin-1 [CDH1], catenin beta 1 [CTNNB1], Endothelin 1 [EDN1], endothelin 3 [EDN3], endothelin receptor type B [EDNRB], fibroblast growth factor 2 [FGF2], KIT, KIT ligand [KITLG], nerve growth factor [NGF], interferon regulatory factor 4 [IRF4], exocyst complex component 2 [EXOC2], and tumor protein 53 [TP53]) were analyzed in a cohort of participants of the Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health Study (n = 2970).
Inherited macrothrombocytopenias on the rise.
Toronto, Canada. In Blood, 2014
In this issue of Blood, Manchev et al describe a consanguineous family with severe macrothrombocytopenia and bleeding symptoms where exome sequencing revealed a homozygous missense mutation in the PRKACG gene (p.74Ile>Met)
A genetic dissection of antipsychotic induced movement disorders.
Messina, Italy. In Curr Med Chem, 2012
RESULTS: Variations located within PIK3CA (phosphoinositide-3- kinase, catalytic, alpha polypeptide), PLA2G4A (phospholipase A2, group IVA, cytosolic, calcium-dependent), PRKCA (protein kinase C, alpha), PRKACG (Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase 110 kDa catalytic subunit gamma), ERK-1 (extracellular signalregulated kinase 1 (MAPK3)), ERK-2 (extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (MAPK1)), GNAS (guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha stimulating activity polypeptide 1), PLCB1 (phospholipase C, beta 1 (phosphoinositide-specific)) and ITPR1 (inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor type 1) were found to be relevant for APM induced EPS.