Natural Products for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Burjassot, Spain. In Planta Med, 01 Aug 2015
Inhibition of α-glucosidase and α-amylase, effects on glucose uptake and glucose transporters, modification of mechanisms mediated by the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor, inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B activity, modification of gene expression, and activities of hormones involved in glucose homeostasis such as adiponectin, resistin, and incretin, and reduction of oxidative stress are some of the mechanisms in which natural products are involved.
Nuclear Actions of Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3.
Sydney, Australia. In Gene, 11 Jul 2015
It can bind to the nuclear receptor, retinoid X receptor-α and several of its dimerization partners, including retinoic acid receptor, vitamin D receptor (VDR), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ).
Skeletal Muscle Atrophy: Potential Therapeutic Agents and Their Mechanisms of Action.
India. In Pharmacol Res, 02 Jul 2015
Mechanistic data of these drugs illustrate that they regulate skeletal muscle loss either by down-regulating myostatin, cyclooxygenase2, pro-inflammatory cytokines mediated catabolic wasting or by up-regulating cyclic AMP, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α, growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor1, phosphatidylinositide 3-kinases/protein kinase B(Akt) mediated anabolic pathways.
Crystal structures of the human adiponectin receptors.
More papers using
Yokohama, Japan. In Nature, May 2015
Adiponectin stimulation of its receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, increases the activities of 5' AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), respectively, thereby contributing to healthy longevity as key anti-diabetic molecules.