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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 13 Nov 2015.

Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha

PPAR, PPARalpha, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor
Peroxisome proliferators include hypolipidemic drugs, herbicides, leukotriene antagonists, and plasticizers; this term arises because they induce an increase in the size and number of peroxisomes. Peroxisomes are subcellular organelles found in plants and animals that contain enzymes for respiration and for cholesterol and lipid metabolism. The action of peroxisome proliferators is thought to be mediated via specific receptors, called PPARs, which belong to the steroid hormone receptor superfamily. PPARs affect the expression of target genes involved in cell proliferation, cell differentiation and in immune and inflammation responses. Three closely related subtypes (alpha, beta/delta, and gamma) have been identified. This gene encodes the subtype PPAR-alpha, which is a nuclear transcription factor. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene, although the full-length nature of only two has been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: ACID, V1a, CAN, Insulin, HAD
Papers using PPAR antibodies
Association of hepatocyte growth factor promoter polymorphism with severity of interstitial lung disease in Japanese patients with systemic sclerosis
Silver Richard M. et al., In Pulmonary Medicine, 2010
... Anti-PPARγ polyclonal antibody was purchased from Cell Signaling Technology (Danvers, Mass); anti- ...
Increased fructose consumption is associated with fibrosis severity in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Yang James Y. et al., In Experimental Diabetes Research, 2009
... were obtained from the following vendors, respectively: ERK1/2 and phospho-ERK1/2 (#9100), Cell Signaling (Beverly, Mass); PPARα (sc9000) and AR (sc17735), Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc ...
Sub-chronic administration of the 11β-HSD1 inhibitor, carbenoxolone, improves glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in mice with diet-induced obesity
Chen Nai-hong et al., In Experimental Diabetes Research, 2007
... -HSD1 primary antibody and PPAR-γ primary antibody for western blot were from Abcam Biotechnology (England) ...
Electrolytes and Na+-K+-ATPase: potential risk factors for the development of diabetic nephropathy
Chuu Jiunn-Jye et al., In Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM, 2007
... Mouse monoclonal antibodies-PPARγ and HRP anti-mouse IgG were from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc (Santa Cruz, CA, ...
Long-term interleukin-1alpha treatment inhibits insulin signaling via IL-6 production and SOCS3 expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes
Vázquez-Carrera Manuel et al., In Diabetes, 2007
... The PPAR-δ ligand GW501516 was obtained from Biomol Research Laboratories (Plymouth Meeting, ...
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Papers on PPAR
Evaluation of the Role of JNK1 in the Hippocampus in an Experimental Model of Familial Alzheimer's Disease.
Camins et al., Barcelona, Spain. In Mol Neurobiol, 12 Dec 2015
In addition, protein levels of PPAR gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), a molecule involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and energy homeostasis, were decreased in 9-month-old APPswe/PS1dE9 mice but not in APPswe/PS1dE9/jnk1+/- animals.
Effects of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors on working memory in rats.
Justinova et al., Baltimore, United States. In Psychopharmacology (berl), 12 Dec 2015
Testing of AM3506 in combination with antagonists for receptors known to be affected by anandamide and other fatty acid amides indicated that the impairment induced by AM3506 was mediated by cannabinoid CB1 receptors, and not by alpha-type peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR-alpha) or vanilloid transient receptor potential cation channels (TRPV1).
Thyroid Hormone Stimulation of Autophagy Is Essential for Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Activity in Skeletal Muscle.
Yen et al., Singapore, Singapore. In Endocrinology, 12 Dec 2015
Induction of ROS and AMPK by TH played a significant role in the up-regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator 1-α, the key regulator of mitochondrial synthesis.
Pioglitazone Significantly Prevented Decreased Rate of Neural Differentiation of Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells Which Was Reduced by Pex11β Knock-down.
Nasr-Esfahani et al., Eşfahān, Iran. In Neuroscience, 09 Dec 2015
Interestingly, pretreatment of transduced mESCs with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) agonist (pioglitazone) ameliorated the inhibitory effects of Pex11β knock down on neural differentiation.
Effects of Thiazolidinediones on Metabolism and Cancer: Relative influence of PPARγ and IGF-1signaling.
Vikram et al., Fargo, United States. In Eur J Pharmacol, 02 Dec 2015
UNASSIGNED: Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) agonists.
Establishing the Role of PPARβ/δ in Carcinogenesis.
Müller et al., United States. In Trends Endocrinol Metab, 30 Nov 2015
The role of the nuclear hormone receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARβ/δ) in carcinogenesis is controversial because conflicting studies indicate that it both inhibits and promotes tumorigenesis.
Differential modulation of expression of nuclear receptor mediated genes by tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP) on early life stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio).
Yu et al., Nanjing, China. In Aquat Toxicol, 30 Nov 2015
In the study, results of which are presented here, embryos/larvae of zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to 0.02, 0.1 or 0.5μM TBOEP to investigate expression of genes under control of several nuclear hormone receptors (estrogen receptors (ERs), androgen receptor (AR), thyroid hormone receptor alpha (TRα), mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), glucocorticoid receptor (GR), aryl hydrocarbon (AhR), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), and pregnane×receptor (P×R)) pathways at 120hpf.
Role of retinoids in the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer.
Lane et al., San Marcos, United States. In World J Gastrointest Oncol, 15 Nov 2015
With respect to colorectal cancer (CRC), several critical mutations dysregulate pathways implicated in progression and metastasis, resulting in aberrant Wnt/β-catenin signaling, gain-of-function mutations in K-ras and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/Akt, cyclooxygenase-2 over-expression, reduction of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ activation, and loss of p53 function.
Ligands for the Nuclear Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma.
Sauer, Berlin, Germany. In Trends Pharmacol Sci, 31 Oct 2015
The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a key player in various biological processes.
Erosion of the chronic myeloid leukaemia stem cell pool by PPARγ agonists.
Leboulch et al., Fontenay-aux-Roses, France. In Nature, 17 Oct 2015
Here we show that the residual CML LSC pool can be gradually purged by the glitazones, antidiabetic drugs that are agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ).
PPAR-α and glucocorticoid receptor synergize to promote erythroid progenitor self-renewal.
Lodish et al., Cambridge, United States. In Nature, Jul 2015
Here we show that activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α) by the PPAR-α agonists GW7647 and fenofibrate synergizes with the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) to promote BFU-E self-renewal.
Crystal structures of the human adiponectin receptors.
Yokoyama et al., Yokohama, Japan. In Nature, May 2015
Adiponectin stimulation of its receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, increases the activities of 5' AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR), respectively, thereby contributing to healthy longevity as key anti-diabetic molecules.
Lack of sterol regulatory element binding factor-1c imposes glial Fatty Acid utilization leading to peripheral neuropathy.
Mitro et al., Milano, Italy. In Cell Metab, May 2015
These metabolic alterations are the result of local accumulation of two endogenous peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (Pparα) ligands, 1-palmitoyl-2-oleyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphatidylcholine and 1-stearoyl-2-oleyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphatidylcholine.
The transcriptional regulators IRF4, BATF and IL-33 orchestrate development and maintenance of adipose tissue-resident regulatory T cells.
Kallies et al., Australia. In Nat Immunol, Mar 2015
Their development depends on the transcription factor PPAR-γ; however, the environmental cues required for their differentiation are unknown.
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonists for preventing recurrent stroke and other vascular events in patients with stroke or transient ischaemic attack.
Wang et al., Beijing, China. In Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Dec 2014
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) agonists are insulin-sensitising drugs used for the treatment of insulin resistance.
Metabolomics reveals an essential role for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α in bile acid homeostasis.
Gonzalez et al., Bethesda, United States. In J Lipid Res, 2012
is an essential regulator of bile acid biosynthesis, transport, and secretion
The synthetic cannabinoid R(+)WIN55,212-2 augments interferon-β expression via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α.
Moynagh et al., Ireland. In J Biol Chem, 2012
The synthetic cannabinoid R(+)WIN55,212-2 augments interferon-beta expression via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha.
Lipolytic products activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α and δ in brown adipocytes to match fatty acid oxidation with supply.
Granneman et al., Detroit, United States. In J Biol Chem, 2012
lipolytic products can activate PPARalpha and PPARdelta in brown adipocytes, thereby expanding the oxidative capacity to match enhanced fatty acid supply.
PPAR-γ is a major driver of the accumulation and phenotype of adipose tissue Treg cells.
Mathis et al., Boston, United States. In Nature, 2012
identification of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma, the 'master regulator' of adipocyte differentiation, as a crucial molecular orchestrator of visceral adipose tissue Treg cell accumulation, phenotype and function
Medium chain fatty acids are selective peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) γ activators and pan-PPAR partial agonists.
Polikarpov et al., São Carlos, Brazil. In Plos One, 2011
Medium chain fatty acids are selective peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) gamma activators and pan-PPAR partial agonists.
More papers using PPAR antibodies
Effect of rosiglitazone on the risk of myocardial infarction and death from cardiovascular causes
Sitter Thomas et al., In Mediators of Inflammation, 2006
... Antibody against PPAR-γ was from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, California, USA) ...
Lipid peroxidation and redox-sensitive signaling pathways
Santanam Nalini et al., In PPAR Research, 2006
... PPARα antagonist (MK886) was obtained from Cayman (Ann Arbor, MI) ...
Thiazolidinedione ameliorates renal injury in experimental diabetic rats through anti-inflammatory effects mediated by inhibition of NF-κB activation
Fantus I. George et al., In Experimental Diabetes Research, 2006
... and VEGF, and monoclonal antibodies against PPARγ were obtained from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc ...
15d-Prostaglandin J2 activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, promotes expression of catalase, and reduces inflammation, behavioral dysfunction, and neuronal loss after intracerebral hemorrhage in rats
Wilkins Alastair et al., In Journal of Neuroinflammation, 2005
... The PPAR-γ agonist, pioglitazone was purchased from Cayman Chemical (Ann Arbor, Michigan, ...
Cyclin D1 represses p300 transactivation through a cyclin-dependent kinase-independent mechanism
Adams Sean H. et al., In PPAR Research, 2004
... acetylated-histone H3 (K9), acetylated-histone H4 (pan) were purchased from Upstate Biotechnology, and the antibody against PPARγ was from Abcam.
Signaling pathways involved in induction of GADD45 gene expression and apoptosis by troglitazone in human MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells
Stewart LaMonica V. et al., In PPAR Research, 2003
... The PPARγ antagonist GW9662 was purchased from Cayman Chemicals ...
Estrogen directly induces expression of retinoic acid biosynthetic enzymes, compartmentalized between the epithelium and underlying stromal cells in rat uterus
Noy Noa et al., In PPAR Research, 2003
... Antibodies against RXR (sc-774) and PPAR-β/δ (sc-7197), rabbit IgG (sc-2027), and protein A/G agarose (sc-2003) were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc ...
A well-behaved electrostatic potential based method using charge restraints for deriving atomic charges: The RESP model
Subbaramaiah Kotha et al., In Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2001
... Bovine antichicken IgY-HRP secondary antibody and isoform specific PPAR antibodies were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc ...
Regulation of E2F1 activity by acetylation.
Vanacker Jean-Marc, In PLoS ONE, 1999
... Polyclonal anti-PPAR-γ antibodies were purchased from Acris Antibodies GmbH, Germany ...
Lipids up-regulate uncoupling protein 2 expression in rat hepatocytes
Li Defa et al., In Lipids in Health and Disease, 1998
... Antibodies for hypoxia inducible factor-2 alpha (HIF-2α), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) and secondary antibody coupled to horse radish peroxidase (HRP) were purchased from Abcam (Cambridge, MA) ...
Mechanisms of androgen induction of sebocyte differentiation
Rosenfield Robert L. et al., In Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 1997
... ] and the noncompetitive PPARγ binding pocket antagonist GW9662 [20] that were kindly provided by GlaxoSmith-Kline and Merck, courtesy of Drs ...
Prostaglandin E2 gel improvement of psoriatic lesions
Travers Jeffrey B. et al., In PPAR Research, 1985
... The specific PPARγ antagonist, GW9662, was obtained from Cayman Chemical (Ann Arbor, MI) ...
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