Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of the Proteins Encoded by Coleoid (Cuttlefish, Octopus, and Squid) Posterior Venom Glands.
Australia. In J Mol Evol, 02 Apr 2013
In this study, we report for the first time a detailed evaluation of the phylogenetic history and molecular evolution of the major coleoid toxins: CAP, carboxypeptidase, chitinase, metalloprotease GON-domain, hyaluronidase, pacifastin, PLA2, SE-cephalotoxin and serine proteases, with the carboxypeptidase and GON-domain documented for the first time in the coleoid venom arsenal.
Phospholipase A₂ activities in skin physiology and pathology.
Jerusalem, Israel. In Eur J Pharmacol, Oct 2012
Instead, the upstream control of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) enzymatic activity, which hydrolyzes cell membrane phospholipids to initiate the eicosanoid production, has been considered for inhibiting eicosanoid activation while maintaining the intricate balance needed for their homeostatic functions.
Molecular link mechanisms between inflammation and cancer.
Campinas, Brazil. In Curr Pharm Des, 2011
These cells produce a variety of cytotoxic mediators such as reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS respectively), serine and cysteine proteases, membrane perforating agents, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukins (IL-1, IL-6, IL-8), interferons (IFNs) and enzymes, as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), lipooxygenase-5 (LOX-5) and phospholipase A2 (PLA2), which activate or are activated by transcription factors as nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and signal transducers and activators of transcription-3 (STAT3).