Cell-Autonomous Brown-Like Adipogenesis of Preadipocytes from Retinoblastoma Haploinsufficient Mice.
Palma, Spain. In J Cell Physiol, Feb 2016
Primary white Rb(+/-) adipocytes displayed under basal conditions increased glucose uptake and an enhanced expression of brown adipocyte-related genes (Pparg, Ppargc1a, Ppargc1b, Prdm16, Cpt1b), but not of purported beige/brite transcriptional markers (Cd137, Tmem26, Tbx1, Slc27a1, Hoxc9, Shox2).
Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome: Clinical and molecular aspects of recently identified kidney cancer syndrome.
Yokohama, Japan. In Int J Urol, Dec 2015
Recent studies using murine models for FLCN, a protein encoded by the FLCN gene, and its two binding partners, folliculin-interacting protein 1 (FNIP1) and folliculin-interacting protein 2 (FNIP2), have uncovered important roles for FLCN, FNIP1 and FNIP2 in cell metabolism, which include AMP-activated protein kinase-mediated energy sensing, Ppargc1a-driven mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and mTORC1-dependent cell proliferation.
Effects of exercise and dietary epigallocatechin gallate and β-alanine on skeletal muscle in aged mice.
Urbana, United States. In Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, Nov 2015
VWR increased gastrocnemius expression of several genes, including those encoding interleukin-6 (Il6, p = 0.001), superoxide dismutase 1 (Sod1, p = 0.046), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-α (Ppargc1a, p = 0.013), forkhead box protein O3 (Foxo3, p = 0.005), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf, p = 0.008), while reducing gastrocnemius levels of the lipid peroxidation marker 4-hydroxynonenal (p = 0.019).
Transcriptional control of circadian metabolic rhythms in the liver.
Ann Arbor, United States. In Diabetes Obes Metab, Sep 2015
In this review, we summarize recent findings on the integration of hepatic glucose metabolism and the body clock through a regulatory network centred on the PPARγ coactivator 1 (PGC-1) transcriptional coactivators.
Current Progress in Sports Genomics.
Kazan', Russia. In Adv Clin Chem, 2014
Notably, 11 (9%) of these genetic markers (endurance markers: ACE I, ACTN3 577X, PPARA rs4253778 G, PPARGC1A Gly482; power/strength markers: ACE D, ACTN3 Arg577, AMPD1 Gln12, HIF1A 582Ser, MTHFR rs1801131 C, NOS3 rs2070744 T, PPARG 12Ala) have shown positive associations with athlete status in three or more studies, and six markers (CREM rs1531550 A, DMD rs939787 T, GALNT13 rs10196189 G, NFIA-AS1 rs1572312 C, RBFOX1 rs7191721 G, TSHR rs7144481 C) were identified after performing genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of African-American, Jamaican, Japanese, and Russian athletes.