Molecular pathology of brain edema after severe burns in forensic autopsy cases with special regard to the importance of reference gene selection.
Guangzhou, China. In Int J Legal Med, 2013
Prolonged deaths due to severe burns showed an increase in brain water content, but relative mRNA quantification, using different normalization methods, showed inconsistent results: in prolonged deaths due to severe burns, higher expression levels were detected for all markers when three previously validated reference genes, PES1, POLR2A, and IPO8, were used for normalization, higher for AQP1 and MMP9 when GAPDH alone was used for normalization and higher for MMP9, but lower for MMP2 when B2M alone was used for normalization.
Stability of endogenous reference genes in postmortem human brains for normalization of quantitative real-time PCR data: comprehensive evaluation using geNorm, NormFinder, and BestKeeper.
Ōsaka, Japan. In Int J Legal Med, 2012
Combining these three algorithms suggested the genes IPO8, POLR2A, and PES1 as stable endogenous references in RT-qPCR analysis of human brain samples, with YWHAZ, PPIA, HPRT1, and TBP being the least stable ones.
Identification of suitable reference genes for real-time PCR analysis of statin-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
Warsaw, Poland. In Plos One, 2011
In this article we have assessed the expression stability of eight putative reference genes: ACTB, B2M, GADD45A, GAPDH, HPRT1, PES1, PSMC4, YWHAZ, in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) treated with different statins and with TNF-α.
What makes Aspergillus fumigatus a successful pathogen? Genes and molecules involved in invasive aspergillosis.
Leioa, Spain. In Rev Iberoam Micol, 2010
These sections include β-glucan, α-glucan, chitin, galactomannan, galactomannoproteins (afmp1/asp f 17 and afmp2), hydrophobins (rodA/hyp1 and rodB), DHN-melanin, their respective synthases (fks1, rho1-4, ags1-3, chsA-G, och1-4, mnn9, van1, anp1, glfA, pksP/alb1, arp1, arp2, abr1, abr2, and ayg1), and modifying enzymes (gel1-7, bgt1, eng1, ecm33, afpigA, afpmt1-2, afpmt4, kre2/afmnt1, afmnt2-3, afcwh41 and pmi); several enzymes related to oxidative stress protection such as catalases (catA, cat1/catB, cat2/katG, catC, and catE), superoxide dismutases (sod1, sod2, sod3/asp f 6, and sod4), fatty acid oxygenases (ppoA-C), glutathione tranferases (gstA-E), and others (afyap1, skn7, and pes1); and efflux transporters (mdr1-4, atrF, abcA-E, and msfA-E).