Discovery of Potent and Selective Inhibitors of Phosphodiesterase 1 for the Treatment of Cognitive Impairment Associated with Neurodegenerative and Neuropsychiatric Diseases.
In J Med Chem, Feb 2016
Systematic optimizations of this novel scaffold culminated in the identification of a clinical candidate, (6aR,9aS)-2-(4-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)benzyl)-5-methyl-3-(phenylamino)-5,6a,7,8,9,9a-hexahydrocyclopenta[4,5]imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazolo[4,3-e]pyrimidin-4-(2H)-one phosphate (ITI-214), which exhibited picomolar inhibitory potency for PDE1, demonstrated excellent selectivity against all other PDE families, and showed good efficacy in vivo.
Overexpression of Bcl-2, SOCS 1, 3 and Cdh 1, 2 are associated with the early neoplasic changes in modified 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced murine oral cancer model.
Paulista, Brazil. In J Oral Pathol Med, Feb 2016
BACKGROUND: The objective was to assess histopathological changes and the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Bcl-2, suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 and 3, Vimentin, TWIST1, and Cdh 1 and 2 in early stages of experimental oral carcinogenesis process using a shorter period of exposure to 4-nitroquinoline oxide (4-NQO) model.
Advances in targeting cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases.
Kingston, Canada. In Nat Rev Drug Discov, 2014
Currently, a small number of PDE inhibitors are used clinically for treating the pathophysiological dysregulation of cyclic nucleotide signalling in several disorders, including erectile dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension, acute refractory cardiac failure, intermittent claudication and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.