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Protocadherin alpha 9

This gene is a member of the protocadherin alpha gene cluster, one of three related gene clusters tandemly linked on chromosome five that demonstrate an unusual genomic organization similar to that of B-cell and T-cell receptor gene clusters. The alpha gene cluster is composed of 15 cadherin superfamily genes related to the mouse CNR genes and consists of 13 highly similar and 2 more distantly related coding sequences. The tandem array of 15 N-terminal exons, or variable exons, are followed by downstream C-terminal exons, or constant exons, which are shared by all genes in the cluster. The large, uninterrupted N-terminal exons each encode six cadherin ectodomains while the C-terminal exons encode the cytoplasmic domain. These neural cadherin-like cell adhesion proteins are integral plasma membrane proteins that most likely play a critical role in the establishment and function of specific cell-cell connections in the brain. Alternative splicing has been observed and additional variants have been suggested but their full-length nature has yet to be determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: fibronectin, p16, focal adhesion kinase, Cdc42, Bax
Papers on pcdha9
Effect of single wall carbon nanotubes on human HEK293 cells.
Gao et al., Stuttgart, Germany. In Toxicol Lett, 2005
Biochip analysis showed that SWCNTs can induce up-regulation expression of cell cycle-associated genes such as p16, bax, p57, hrk, cdc42 and cdc37, down-regulation expression of cell cycle genes such as cdk2, cdk4, cdk6 and cyclin D3, and down-regulation expression of signal transduction-associated genes such as mad2, jak1, ttk, pcdha9 and erk.
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