Identity-by-descent-guided mutation analysis and exome sequencing in consanguineous families reveals unusual clinical and molecular findings in retinal dystrophy.
Gent, Belgium. In Genet Med, 13 Apr 2014
The medical history was reviewed in mutation-positive families.Results:We identified mutations in 14 known retinal dystrophy genes in 20/26 (77%) families: ABCA4, CERKL, CLN3, CNNM4, C2orf71, IQCB1, LRAT, MERTK, NMNAT1, PCDH15, PDE6B, RDH12, RPGRIP1, and USH2A.
Usher protein functions in hair cells and photoreceptors.
Omaha, United States. In Int J Biochem Cell Biol, Jan 2014
In mature hair cells, homodimers of the Usher cadherins, cadherin 23 and protocadherin 15, interact to form a structural fiber, the tip link, and the linkages that anchor the taller stereocilia's actin cytoskeleton core to the shorter adjacent stereocilia and the elusive mechanotransduction channels, explaining the deafness phenotype when these molecular interactions are perturbed.
Contribution of genetic factors to noise-induced hearing loss: a human studies review.
Łódź, Poland. In Mutat Res, 2013
So far, the most promising results were obtained for two genes encoding potassium ion channels (KCNQ4 and KCNE1), catalase (CAT), protocadherin 15 (PCDH15), myosin 14 (MYH14) and heat shock protein (HSP70), because they were replicated in two (Polish and Swedish) or three (Polish, Swedish and Chinese) populations, and were sufficient in size to yield high power for the detection of a causative allele.
Diverse spectrum of rare deafness genes underlies early-childhood hearing loss in Japanese patients: a cross-sectional, multi-center next-generation sequencing study.
Tokyo, Japan. In Orphanet J Rare Dis, 2012
These genes were ACTG1, DFNA5, POU4F3, SLC26A5, SIX1, MYO7A, CDH23, PCDH15, and USH2A, suggesting that a variety of genes underlie early-childhood hearing loss in Japanese patients.
The plasma membrane calcium pump in the hearing process: physiology and pathology.
Padova, Italy. In Sci China Life Sci, 2011
The tip links that organize the bundle are formed by the Ca(2+) binding protein cadherin 23 and by protocadherin 15: Disturbances of the Ca(2+) binding by cadherin 23 and/or of the ability of the PMCA2 variant of the stereocilia to export Ca(2+) to the endolymph generate hearing loss phenotypes.
Seoul, South Korea. In Cell Adh Migr, 2011
The phylogenetic analysis with full sequences of non-clustered PCDHs enabled them to be further classified into three subgroups: δ1 (PCDH1, PCDH7, PCDH9, PCDH11 and PCDH20), δ2 (PCDH8, PCDH10, PCDH12, PCDH17, PCDH18 and PCDH19) and ε (PCDH15, PCDH16, PCDH21 and MUCDHL).
Cadherins as targets for genetic diseases.
Paris, France. In Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol, 2010
Studies of USH1 brought to light the crucial role of transient fibrous links formed by cadherin 23 and protocadherin 15 in the cohesion of the developing hair bundle, the mechanoreceptive structure of the auditory sensory cells, as well as the involvement of these cadherins in the formation of the tip-link, a key component of the mechano-electrical transduction machinery.