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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 24 Oct 2014.

Dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase

PBC, E-2, PDC-E2, E2B
This gene encodes component E2 of the multi-enzyme pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC). PDC resides in the inner mitochondrial membrane and catalyzes the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl coenzyme A. The protein product of this gene, dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase, accepts acetyl groups formed by the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate and transfers them to coenzyme A. Dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase is the antigen for antimitochondrial antibodies. These autoantibodies are present in nearly 95% of patients with the autoimmune liver disease primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). In PBC, activated T lymphocytes attack and destroy epithelial cells in the bile duct where this protein is abnormally distributed and overexpressed. PBC enventually leads to cirrhosis and liver failure. Mutations in this gene are also a cause of pyruvate dehydrogenase E2 deficiency which causes primary lactic acidosis in infancy and early childhood.[provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: ACID, HAD, CAN, Phosphogluconate Dehydrogenase, POLYMERASE
Papers on PBC
S100A12 expression in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.
New
Zhang et al., Beijing, China. In Immunol Invest, 14 Nov 2014
However, whether S100A12 is involved in the inflammatory process of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) has not been shown.
Impact of combination antiretroviral therapy in the NOD.c3c4 mouse model of autoimmune biliary disease.
New
Mason et al., Edmonton, Canada. In Liver Int, 10 Nov 2014
This model for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) has evidence of biliary infection with mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV), suggesting that the virus may have a role in cholangitis development and progression of liver disease in this mouse model.
Pregnancy in primary biliary cirrhosis.
Review
New
Wahlin et al., Ankara, Turkey. In Autoimmun Rev, Jun 2014
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) may present in all decades of life, also in childbearing age.
Melatonin regulation of biliary functions.
Review
New
Alpini et al., Temple, United States. In Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr, Feb 2014
The intrahepatic biliary epithelium is a three-dimensional tubular system lined by cholangiocytes, epithelial cells that in addition to modify ductal bile are also the targets of vanishing bile duct syndromes (i.e., cholangiopathies) such as primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) that are characterized by the damage/proliferation of cholangiocytes.
Cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channel gene family in rice, identification, characterization and experimental analysis of expression response to plant hormones, biotic and abiotic stresses.
New
Shu et al., Hangzhou, China. In Bmc Genomics, Dec 2013
Motif composition and protein sequence analysis revealed that the CNGC specific domain "cyclic nucleotide-binding domain (CNBD)" comprises a "phosphate binding cassette" (PBC) and a "hinge" region that is highly conserved among the OsCNGCs.
Characterizing the genetic basis of innate immune response in TLR4-activated human monocytes.
New
Schumacher et al., Bonn, Germany. In Nat Commun, Dec 2013
Furthermore, we show that SNPs conferring risk to primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and celiac disease are immune response eQTLs for PDGFB and IL18R1.
Novel thermosensitive pentablock copolymers for sustained delivery of proteins in the treatment of posterior segment diseases.
New
Mitra et al., Kansas City, United States. In Protein Pept Lett, Dec 2013
PBC provide significantly longer sustained release (more than 20 days) of IgG relative to TB copolymers.
Recent advances on the mechanisms regulating cholangiocyte proliferation and the significance of the neuroendocrine regulation of cholangiocyte pathophysiology.
Review
New
Gaudio et al., Roma, Italy. In Ann Transl Med, Oct 2013
Cholangiocytes play several key roles in the modification of ductal bile and are also the target cells in chronic cholestatic liver diseases (i.e., cholangiopathies) such as PSC, PBC, polycystic liver disease (PCLD) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA).
The immunobiology and pathophysiology of primary biliary cirrhosis.
Review
New
Impact
Gershwin et al., Birmingham, United Kingdom. In Annu Rev Pathol, Feb 2013
Fifth, several mouse models of PBC highlight the importance of loss of tolerance to PDC-E2 as well as a critical role for the interleukin (IL)-12 signaling pathway.
Role of AE2 for pHi regulation in biliary epithelial cells.
Review
Medina et al., Pamplona, Spain. In Front Physiol, 2012
Early studies showed that AE2 gene expression is reduced in liver biopsies and blood mononuclear cells from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a disease characterized by chronic non-suppurative cholangitis associated with antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA) and other autoimmune phenomena.
The role of TL1A and DR3 in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases.
Review
Nakamura et al., Ōmura, Japan. In Mediators Inflamm, 2012
Polymorphisms of the TNFSF15 gene that encodes TL1A are associated with the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome, leprosy, and autoimmune diseases, including IBD, AS, and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC).
Brain [U-13 C]glucose metabolism in mice with decreased α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex activity.
GeneRIF
Sonnewald et al., Trondheim, Norway. In J Neurosci Res, 2011
These results imply that diminished KGDHC activity has the potential to induce the reduction in glucose utilization that is seen in several neurodegenerative diseases.
Nuclear localization of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex-E2 (PDC-E2), a mitochondrial enzyme, and its role in signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5)-dependent gene transcription.
GeneRIF
Yu et al., North Chicago, United States. In Cell Signal, 2011
a novel function of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex E2 in the nucleus in up-regulating the transactivating ability of STAT5
[2-Oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex and its multipoint control].
GeneRIF
Strumiło et al., Białystok, Poland. In Postepy Biochem, 2010
2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDHC), the key regulatory enzyme of Krebs cycle. [review]
Four novel mutations identified in Norwegian patients result in intermittent maple syrup urine disease when combined with the R301C mutation.
GeneRIF
Eide et al., Oslo, Norway. In Mol Genet Metab, 2010
4 novel mutations in DBT gene resulting in intermittent maple syrup urine disease in 7 Norwegian patients; pathogenic effect of the mutations is depletion of cellular protein; intermittent form of MSUD appears to be due to residual R301C mutant protein
Solution structure and characterisation of the human pyruvate dehydrogenase complex core assembly.
GeneRIF
Byron et al., Glasgow, United Kingdom. In J Mol Biol, 2010
Solution structure and characterisation of the human pyruvate dehydrogenase complex core assembly
Tumor transcriptome reveals the predictive and prognostic impact of lysosomal protease inhibitors in non-small-cell lung cancer.
Impact
Collie-Duguid et al., Aberdeen, United Kingdom. In J Clin Oncol, 2006
PURPOSE: Insight into clinical response to platinum-based chemotherapy (PBC) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Hormone receptor status of a contralateral breast cancer is independent of the receptor status of the first primary in patients not receiving adjuvant tamoxifen.
Impact
Osborne et al., Houston, United States. In J Clin Oncol, 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether the hormone receptor status of the primary breast cancer (PBC) is predictive of the hormone receptor status of the subsequent contralateral breast cancer (CBC).
5-HT4(a) receptors avert opioid-induced breathing depression without loss of analgesia.
Impact
Richter et al., Göttingen, Germany. In Science, 2003
This is caused by direct inhibition of rhythm-generating respiratory neurons in the Pre-Boetzinger complex (PBC) of the brainstem.
Phase I trial of recombinant fusion protein PIXY321 for mobilization of peripheral-blood cells.
Impact
Kessinger et al., Omaha, United States. In J Clin Oncol, 1996
PURPOSE: Mobilization of peripheral-blood cells (PBC) with cytokines alone results in rapid hematopoietic recovery and avoids the potential morbidity associated with mobilization by chemotherapy.
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