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Pantothenate kinase 3
PanK3, pantothenate kinase 3, hPANK3
This gene encodes a protein belonging to the pantothenate kinase family. Pantothenate kinase is a key regulatory enzyme in the biosynthesis of coenzyme A (CoA) in bacteria and mammalian cells. It catalyzes the first committed step in the universal biosynthetic pathway leading to CoA and is itself subject to regulation through feedback inhibition by CoA. This family member is expressed most abundantly in the liver. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Park et al., Toronto, Canada. In J Biol Chem, 2007
analysis of the homodimeric structures of the catalytic cores of PanK1alpha and PanK3 in complex with acetyl-CoA and the the structural effects of the PanK2 mutations that have been implicated in neurodegeneration
Jackowski et al., Memphis, United States. In J Lipid Res, 2004
Bezafibrate (BF), a hypolipidemic drug and a peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) agonist, specifically increased hPANK1alpha mRNA expression in human hepatoblastoma (HepG2) cells as a function of time and dose of the drug, compared with hPANK1beta, hPANK2, and hPANK3, which did not significantly increase.