Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAFAH) inactivates platelet-activating factor (PAF) into acetate and LYSO-PAF. This gene encodes the beta subunit of PAFAH, the other subunits are alpha and gamma. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms have been described for this gene. [providedby RefSeq, May 2010] (from
Nomura et al., Berkeley, United States. In Acs Chem Biol, Aug 2015
Through this profiling effort, we found oncogenic regulatory mechanisms for several cancer-relevant serine hydrolases and discovered that platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase 1B2 and 1B3 (PAFAH1B2 and PAFAH1B3) activities were consistently upregulated by several oncogenes, alongside previously discovered cancer-relevant hydrolases fatty acid synthase and monoacylglycerol lipase.
Cravatt et al., Berkeley, United States. In Acs Chem Biol, May 2015
Here, we report a class of tetrahydropyridine reversible inhibitors of PAFAH1b2/3 discovered using a fluorescence polarization-activity-based protein profiling (fluopol-ABPP) screen of the NIH 300,000+ compound library.
Cupples et al., Boston, United States. In Am J Hum Genet, 2014
Although we did not identify new genes associated with LDL-C, we did identify four low-frequency (frequencies between 0.1% and 2%) variants (ANGPTL8 rs145464906 [c.361C>T; p.Gln121*], PAFAH1B2 rs186808413 [c.482C>T; p.Ser161Leu], COL18A1 rs114139997 [c.331G>A; p.Gly111Arg], and PCSK7 rs142953140 [c.1511G>A; p.Arg504His]) with large effects on HDL-C and/or triglycerides.
Haass et al., München, Germany. In J Neurosci, 2013
After the γ-secretase complex components, the most potent effect was observed for platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase α (Paf-AHα), and, in mammalian cells, the effect was replicated for its ortholog PAFAH1B2.
Yoshida et al., Sagamihara, Japan. In Neurosurgery, 2012
Plasma PAF-AH can hydrolyze oxidized phospholipids, and may attenuate the spreading of lipid peroxidation and participate in defense mechanisms against vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Sachinidis et al., Köln, Germany. In Plos One, 2011
Proteome analysis showed loss of POU5F1 regulatory proteins PKM2 and RBM14 and an over expression of proteins involved in neuronal development (such as PAK2, PAFAH1B2 and PAFAH1B3) after 14 days of differentiation.
D'Arcangelo et al., Houston, United States. In Brain Res, 2009
study examined biochemical interactions of Pafah1b Alpha1 & Alpha2 subunits with the Reelin signaling machinery & demonstrated that Alpha2, but not Alpha1, binds Dab1 in a phosphorylation-independent manner
Bovill et al., Burlington, United States. In Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat, 2008
splice variants of the Pafah1b2 gene transcript retain exons 1-5 and replace exon 6 with alternative exons derived from genomic sequence 3' to exon 6. Splice variants encode two proteins with different novel carboxy termini
Eichele et al., Hannover, Germany. In Mech Dev, 2000
Lis1 is a subunit of a brain platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAFAH1B) where it forms a heterotrimeric complex with two hydrolase subunits, referred to as 29 kDa (PAFAH1B3) and 30 kDa (PAFAH1B2).