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GoPubMed Proteins lists recent and important papers and reviews for proteins. Page last changed on 19 Aug 2016.

Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A

p21, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21, CIP1, K-ras, WAF1, H-ras
This gene encodes a potent cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. The encoded protein binds to and inhibits the activity of cyclin-CDK2 or -CDK4 complexes, and thus functions as a regulator of cell cycle progression at G1. The expression of this gene is tightly controlled by the tumor suppressor protein p53, through which this protein mediates the p53-dependent cell cycle G1 phase arrest in response to a variety of stress stimuli. This protein can interact with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a DNA polymerase accessory factor, and plays a regulatory role in S phase DNA replication and DNA damage repair. This protein was reported to be specifically cleaved by CASP3-like caspases, which thus leads to a dramatic activation of CDK2, and may be instrumental in the execution of apoptosis following caspase activation. Multiple alternatively spliced variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: p53, PCNA, V1a, CAN, PrP
Papers using p21 antibodies
Arecoline downregulates levels of p21 and p27 through the reactive oxygen species/mTOR complex 1 pathway and may contribute to oral squamous cell carcinoma
Li Ji-Cheng et al., In International Journal of Biological Sciences, 2011
... P21 were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, CA, USA) ...
Aaptamine, an alkaloid from the sponge Aaptos suberitoides, functions as a proteasome inhibitor
Kong Dexin et al., In International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2009
... Anti-Cip1/WAF-1/p21 antibody was from Milipore.
Ras-related small GTPases RalA and RalB regulate cellular survival after ionizing radiation
Rodemann H Peter et al., In Breast Cancer Research : BCR, 2009
... Inhibitors against PI3K (LY294002), MEK (PD98059) and anti-K-Ras antibody were purchased from Merck Biosciences (Darmstadt, Germany) ...
GSK3beta: role in therapeutic landscape and development of modulators
Yoo Lina I et al., In BMC Urology, 2009
... The monoclonal p21 antibody was obtained from BD Biosciences (San Diego, CA) ...
Weak p53 permits senescence during cell cycle arrest.
El-Deiry Wafik S., In PLoS ONE, 2009
... HT1080-p21-9 cells were cultured in high-glucose DMEM without puruvate supplemented with FC2 serum (HyClone FetalClone II from Thermo Scientific, Logan, Utah) ...
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Papers on p21
Intraoral Mitochondrial-Targeted GS-Nitroxide, JP4-039, Radioprotects Normal Tissue in Tumor-Bearing Radiosensitive Fancd2(-/-) (C57BL/6) Mice.
Greenberger et al., Pittsburgh, United States. In Radiat Res, Feb 2016
Oral mucosa of Fancd2(-/-) mice showed baseline elevated RNA transcripts for Sod2, p53, p21 and Rad51 (all P < 0.0012) and suppressed levels of Nfkb and Tgfb, (all P < 0.0020) compared with Fancd2(+/+) mice.
5-Fluorouracil-Induced Apoptosis Changes in Cultured Corneal Epithelial Cells.
Hong et al., Kao-hsiung, Taiwan. In J Ocul Pharmacol Ther, Feb 2016
The western blot assay demonstrated upregulation of the p21 protein but downregulation of the Bcl-2 proteins induced by 5-FU.
Comparative lipid analysis in the normal and cancerous organoids of MDCK cells.
Kiyokawa et al., Kanazawa, Japan. In J Biochem, Feb 2016
Finally upon the switching on of activated K-Ras expression which induces luminal cell filling, ceramide and LacCer are increased.
[Contribution to tumor escape and chemotherapy response: A choice between senescence and apoptosis in heterogeneous tumors].
Coqueret et al., Angers, France. In Bull Cancer, Feb 2016
Activated in response to DNA damage, cell cycle and mitotic checkpoints activate the p53-p21 and p16-Rb pathways and induce apoptosis or senescence.
A New View of Ras Isoforms in Cancers.
Jang et al., Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel. In Cancer Res, Feb 2016
Does small GTPase K-Ras4A have a single state or two states, one resembling K-Ras4B and the other N-Ras?
The noncoding RNAs SNORD50A and SNORD50B bind K-Ras and are recurrently deleted in human cancer.
Khavari et al., Stanford, United States. In Nat Genet, Jan 2016
Loss of these snoRNAs also increased binding by farnesyltransferase to K-Ras and increased K-Ras prenylation, suggesting that KRAS mutation might synergize with SNORD50A and SNORD50B loss in cancer.
Hutterite-type cataract maps to chromosome 6p21.32-p21.31, cosegregates with a homozygous mutation in LEMD2, and is associated with sudden cardiac death.
Lewis et al., Houston, United States. In Mol Genet Genomic Med, Jan 2016
SNP-based fine mapping within the 9.5 Mb linked region supported this finding by refining the cataract locus to a 0.5- to 2.9-Mb subregion (6p21.32-p21.31)
Effect of the dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 against human Merkel cell carcinoma MKL-1 cells.
Wu et al., Wuhan, China. In Oncol Lett, Dec 2015
Additional investigations revealed that NVP-BEZ235 attenuated PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling and upregulated the levels of the cell cycle inhibitors p21 and p27.
K-Ras Promotes Tumorigenicity through Suppression of Non-canonical Wnt Signaling.
McCormick et al., San Francisco, United States. In Cell, Dec 2015
K-Ras and H-Ras share identical effectors and have similar properties; however, the high degree of tumor-type specificity associated with K-Ras and H-Ras mutations suggests that they have unique roles in oncogenesis.
A Pleiotropic RNA-Binding Protein Controls Distinct Cell Cycle Checkpoints to Drive Resistance of p53-Defective Tumors to Chemotherapy.
Yaffe et al., Cambridge, United States. In Cancer Cell, Nov 2015
UNASSIGNED: In normal cells, p53 is activated by DNA damage checkpoint kinases to simultaneously control the G1/S and G2/M cell cycle checkpoints through transcriptional induction of p21(cip1) and Gadd45α.
hnRNP K Is a Haploinsufficient Tumor Suppressor that Regulates Proliferation and Differentiation Programs in Hematologic Malignancies.
Post et al., Houston, United States. In Cancer Cell, Nov 2015
Reduced hnRNP K expression attenuated p21 activation, downregulated C/EBP levels, and activated STAT3 signaling.
CDKN1A regulates Langerhans cell survival and promotes Treg cell generation upon exposure to ionizing irradiation.
Merad et al., New York City, United States. In Nat Immunol, Oct 2015
In particular, we found that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor CDKN1A (p21) was overexpressed in LCs and that Cdkn1a(-/-) LCs underwent apoptosis and accumulated DNA damage following IR treatment.
Mechanisms of resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
Fu et al., Guangzhou, China. In Acta Pharm Sin B, Sep 2015
Resistance to EGFR-TKIs is inevitable due to various mechanisms, such as the secondary mutation (T790M), activation of alternative pathways (c-Met, HGF, AXL), aberrance of the downstream pathways (K-RAS mutations, loss of PTEN), impairment of the EGFR-TKIs-mediated apoptosis pathway (BCL2-like 11/BIM deletion polymorphism), histologic transformation, ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter effusion, etc.
Infectious Entry Pathway of Enterovirus B Species.
Huttunen et al., Jyväskylä, Finland. In Viruses, 2014
Many cellular factors regulating the efficient entry have recently been associated with macropinocytic uptake, such as Rac1, serine/threonine p21-activated kinase (Pak1), actin, Na/H exchanger, phospholipace C (PLC) and protein kinase Cα (PKCα).
Immune-phenotypical markers for the differential diagnosis of melanocytic lesions.
Cantile et al., Napoli, Italy. In Int J Clin Exp Pathol, 2014
Moreover, overexpression of cyclin D1 and p21 was detected in Spitz nevi compared with non-spitzoid melanomas; Ki-67 appears highly expressed in deep areas of non-spitzoid melanomas.
The intermediate-activity (L597V)BRAF mutant acts as an epistatic modifier of oncogenic RAS by enhancing signaling through the RAF/MEK/ERK pathway.
Pritchard et al., Leicester, United Kingdom. In Genes Dev, 2012
We combined (L597V)Braf with (G12D)Kras and found that (L597V)Braf modified (G12D)Kras oncogenesis such that fibroblast transformation and lung tumor development were more reminiscent of that driven by the high-activity (V600E)Braf mutant
Autophagic activity dictates the cellular response to oncogenic RAS.
Lu et al., Oxford, United Kingdom. In Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2012
ASPP2 modulates oncogenic RAS-induced autophagic activity to dictate the cellular response to RAS: to proliferate or senesce.
K-Ras and B-Raf oncogenes inhibit colon epithelial polarity establishment through up-regulation of c-myc.
Hall et al., New York City, United States. In J Cell Biol, 2012
It was concluded that extracellular kinase-mediated up-regulation of c-myc by K-Ras or B-Raf oncogenes disrupts the establishment of apical/basolateral polarity in colon epithelial cells independently of its effect on proliferation.
[What is the prognostic importance of molecular genetic factors in endometrial carcinoma?].
Spaček et al., United Kingdom. In Klin Onkol, 2011
possible role of K- ras mutation as an early event in the process of endometrial carcinogenesis in type 1 tumors
[Small molecules--principal participants of pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis].
Dubikov et al., In Klin Med (mosk), 2011
[review] Small molecules like p21 and PUMA may play a role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis.
More papers using p21 antibodies
Systemic administration of optimized aptamer-siRNA chimeras promotes regression of PSMA-expressing tumors
Li Long-Cheng et al., In Molecular therapy. Nucleic acids, 2008
... Immunodetection proceeded by incubating slides overnight at 4 °C with primary antibody specific to p21 (Cell Signaling Technology, Danvers, MA) diluted ...
A dual role of p53 in the control of autophagy.
Abdel-Naim Ashraf B., In PLoS ONE, 2007
... Primary antibodies, including p53, phospho-p53 (Ser15), phospho-p53 (Thr55), p21, sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1/p62), and survivin, were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Santa Cruz, CA ...
DEC1, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor and a novel target gene of the p53 family, mediates p53-dependent premature senescence
Swarbrick Alexander, In PLoS ONE, 2007
... Rabbit anti-p53(FL-393), mouse anti-p63(4A4), rabbit anti-GADD45α(C-20) and rabbit anti-p21(C-19) were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc (Santa Cruz, CA) ...
Enhanced inhibition of adipogenesis and induction of apoptosis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes with combinations of resveratrol and quercetin
Cook John A. et al., In Frontiers in Oncology, 2007
... (Fremont, CA, USA); rabbit polyclonal IGF-1Rβ, p21 antibodies, and PARP-1 (F-2) were from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc ...
Complementary functions of ATM and H2AX in development and suppression of genomic instability
Malle Ernst et al., In DNA Repair, 2007
... , termed γ-H2AX, Cell Signaling Technology, Beverly, MA, USA); (vi) rabbit monoclonal anti-p21 Waf1/Cip1 antibody (12D1, Cell Signaling Technology, Beverly, MA, USA), ...
Biological roles of estrogen and progesterone in human endometrial carcinoma—new developments in potential endocrine therapy for endometrial cancer
DeMayo Francesco J. et al., In Journal of Oncology, 2006
... K-ras mutation, total RNA was isolated from uterus according to, Qiagen minieasy kit protocol ...
Ribosomal protein S7 as a novel modulator of p53-MDM2 interaction: binding to MDM2, stabilization of p53 protein, and activation of p53 function.
Deb Sumitra, In PLoS ONE, 2006
... Anti-human MDM2 (SMP14) and p21 (C19) antibodies were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, CA) ...
Stopping ras in its tracks.
Cebecauer Marek, In PLoS ONE, 2006
... Mouse anti-pan-Ras (Ab-3) and mouse monoclonal anti-K-Ras antibodies (mAbs) were obtained from Calbiochem, rabbit anti-β-tubulin antibodies (Abs) from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, mouse anti-phospho-ERK Ab from ...
Tumorigenesis suppressor Pdcd4 down-regulates mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 1 expression to suppress colon carcinoma cell invasion
Arlt Alexander, In PLoS ONE, 2005
... Anti-luciferase antibody came from Promega, anti-nucleolin and anti-IκB antibody from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, anti-HIF-1α and anti-p21 antibody were from BD Biosciences.
The anti-angiogenic peptide anginex disrupts the cell membrane
Yang K-D et al., In Cell Death & Disease, 2005
... Antibodies to â-actin, H-Ras, and K-Ras were purchased from Abcam Cambridge Science Park (Cambridge, ...
The crystal structure of yeast protein disulfide isomerase suggests cooperativity between its active sites
Townsend Danyelle M. et al., In International Journal of Cell Biology, 2005
... (Millipore), and anti-c-Myc/anti-Cyclin D1/anti-p21 (Cell Signaling).
Integrin-mediated transforming growth factor-beta activation regulates homeostasis of the pulmonary epithelial-mesenchymal trophic unit
Kuwano Kazuyoshi et al., In Oncoimmunology, 2005
... Antibodies used were rabbit anti-LC3 (Novus), rabbit anti-ATG5 (Novus), mouse anti-p21 (Cell signaling Technology), rabbit anti-phospho-histone H2A.X ...
The structure and regulation of vinculin
Beaulieu Jean-François et al., In Journal of Cellular Physiology, 2005
... ON), α5 integrin (WB: 1/1,000) (AB1928, Millipore, Temecula, CA), αV integrin (WB: 1/1,000) (AB1930, Millipore), p21 (WB: 1/2,000) (Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc.), p27 (WB: 1/2,000) ...
Hsp70-2 is required for tumor cell growth and survival
O'Rand Michael G et al., In Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology : RB&E, 2004
... Mouse monoclonal anti p53 antibody (DO-1) and rabbit polyclonal anti-p21 antibody (SC-397) were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, CA) ...
Mule/ARF-BP1, a BH3-only E3 ubiquitin ligase, catalyzes the polyubiquitination of Mcl-1 and regulates apoptosis
Wang X et al., In Cell Death and Differentiation, 2004
... Autophagy antibody kits and p21 antibody were from Cell Signaling (Beverly, MA, USA) ...
Image Processing with ImageJ
Goldfinger Lawrence E. et al., In Small GTPases, 2003
... α-R-Ras, α-H-Ras, α-GFP and α-p110α antibodies were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology.
Comparison of the effect of mitochondrial inhibitors on mitochondrial membrane potential in two different cell lines using flow cytometry and spectrofluorometry
Manié S N et al., In Cell Death & Disease, 2002
... Santa-Cruz, Le perray en Yvelines, France), anti-ATG5 (D1G9, Cell Signaling, Montigny le Bretonneux, France), anti-p21 Waf1/Cip1 (DCS60, Cell Signaling), anti-Raptor (24C12, Cell Signaling), ...
Requirement for Ras Guanine Nucleotide Releasing Protein 3 in Coupling Phospholipase C-γ2 to Ras in B Cell Receptor Signaling
Kurosaki Tomohiro et al., In The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 2002
... Anti–H-Ras Ab (C-20) and anti–K-Ras Ab (F234) were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc ...
BRCA1 and Tip60 determine the cellular response to ultraviolet irradiation through distinct pathways
Dobbelstein Matthias et al., In The Journal of Cell Biology, 2002
... and siRNA control #2, were purchased from Ambion (with the exception of the siRNA to p21, which was purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc.) and are described ...
Mitomycin C induces apoptosis and caspase-8 and −9 processing through a caspase-3 and Fas-independent pathway.
Hong Show-Jen et al., In Molecular Vision, 2001
... and p21 were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc ...
Construction of a self-excisable bacterial artificial chromosome containing the human cytomegalovirus genome and mutagenesis of the diploid TRL/IRL13 gene.
Nelson Jay A., In PLoS Pathogens, 2001
... α-MCM4 (BD Pharmingen), α-lamin A (Biolegend), α-cdc6 (Upstate), α-cyclin B1 (Thermo Scientific), α-cyclin A, α-geminin, α-p53, α-p21 (all four from Santa Cruz Biotechnology).
Reovirus as an oncolytic agent against experimental human malignant gliomas
Lee P W K et al., In British Journal of Cancer, 2000
... -actin, p65, PUMA, Bax and p21 were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology Inc ...
Loss of p53 promotes RhoA–ROCK-dependent cell migration and invasion in 3D matrices
Roux Pierre et al., In The Journal of Cell Biology, 1999
... The primary antibodies used were anti-p21 (C-19; Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc.), anti-p53 (DO-1; Novocastra), ...
Prohibitin-1 maintains the angiogenic capacity of endothelial cells by regulating mitochondrial function and senescence
Sessa William C. et al., In The Journal of Cell Biology, 1999
... Antibodies against PECAM-1 (clone M-20), p16 (clone C-20), and p21 (clone C-19) were obtained from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc ...
Regulation of the MEF2 family of transcription factors by p38
Rotwein Peter et al., In The Journal of Cell Biology, 1998
... Antibodies to p21 and CDK-4 used for immunoblotting were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc ...
mdm-2 gene amplification in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes
Berberich Steven J. et al., In Aging (Albany NY), 1998
... HdmX polyclonal antibody (Bethyl Laboratories, Inc.), p21 polyclonal antibody C-19 (Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc.), p53 ...
Corticothalamic connections of extrastriate visual areas in rhesus monkeys
Levitt Pat et al., In Cerebral Cortex (New York, NY), 1996
... Briefly, P0 brains were sectioned at 20 μM with a cryostat, and P7–P21 brains were sectioned at 40 μM with a freezing sliding microtome (Leica).
Subregion- and cell type-restricted gene knockout in mouse brain.
Albertson Dawn N., In PLoS ONE, 1995
... pThyLSL-EGFP-F was created by cloning the fragment encoding EGFP fused to the H-Ras farnesylation site from pEGFP-F (BD Biosciences, Mountain View, CA) into ...
Specific p53 mutations are associated with de novo resistance to doxorubicin in breast cancer patients
Daoud Sayed S et al., In Breast Cancer Research, 1995
... Primary antibodies against p53 and p21 were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology (Santa Cruz, CA); Hsp ...
Stages of embryonic development of the zebrafish.
Hotchin Neil, In PLoS ONE, 1994
... The following antibodies were used: Goat polyclonal antibody against the NRP-1-C-terminal domain, anti-GIPC, anti-p53 and anti-p21 were purchased from Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc ...
TGFβ induces SIK to negatively regulate type I receptor kinase signaling
Moustakas Aristidis et al., In The Journal of Cell Biology, 1993
... and anti-Flag (M5) antibodies were obtained from Sigma-Aldrich; anti-GFP (A11122) from Invitrogen; anti–PAI-1 and anti-p21 (Cip1/WAF1) from BD Biosciences; anti-HA (Y-11), anti-TβRI (V-22), ...
MI-219-Zinc Combination: a new Paradigm in MDM2 Inhibitor Based Therapy
Mohammad Ramzi M. et al., In Oncogene, 1993
... Primary antibodies for p53, Bax, MDM2 and p21 were purchased from Cell Signaling (Beverly MA) ...
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