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Nuclear respiratory factor 1

Nuclear Respiratory Factor 1, NRF-1
This gene encodes a protein that homodimerizes and functions as a transcription factor which activates the expression of some key metabolic genes regulating cellular growth and nuclear genes required for respiration, heme biosynthesis, and mitochondrial DNA transcription and replication. The protein has also been associated with the regulation of neurite outgrowth. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, which encode the same protein, have been characterized. Additional variants encoding different protein isoforms have been described but they have not been fully characterized. Confusion has occurred in bibliographic databases due to the shared symbol of NRF1 for this gene and for "nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 1" which has an official symbol of NFE2L1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: NRF, PGC, TFAM, Nrf2, PGC-1alpha
Papers on Nuclear Respiratory Factor 1
FNDC5 relates to skeletal muscle IGF-I and mitochondrial function and gene expression in obese men with reduced growth hormone.
Makimura et al., Boston, United States. In Growth Horm Igf Res, 29 Feb 2016
P=0.03), NRF1 (ρ=0.66,
A PGC-1α-Mediated Transcriptional Network Maintains Mitochondrial Redox and Bioenergetic Homeostasis against Doxorubicin-Induced Toxicity in Human Cardiomyocytes: Implementation of TT21C.
Peng et al., Beijing, China. In Toxicol Sci, 18 Feb 2016
Our in vitro study revealed a well-defined POD concentration of DOX below which adaptive induction of PGC-1α-mediated mitochondrial genes, including NRF-1, MnSOD, UCP2, and COX1, concurred with negligible changes in mitochondrial superoxide and cytotoxicity.
Chronic Arsenic Exposure-Induced Oxidative Stress is Mediated by Decreased Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Rat Liver.
Kumar et al., Rohtak, India. In Biol Trace Elem Res, 14 Feb 2016
The entire phenomenon was associated with decrease in mitochondrial biogenesis as evident by decreased protein and mRNA expression of nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF-1), nuclear respiratory factor 2 (NRF-2), peroxisome proliferator activator receptor gamma-coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), and mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) in arsenic-treated rat liver.
Chlorogenic acid ameliorates endotoxin-induced liver injury by promoting mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation.
Yin et al., Nanchang, China. In Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 29 Jan 2016
Moreover, phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and mRNA levels of AMPK-α, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), nuclear respiratory factor 1, and mitochondrial DNA transcription factor A were increased after CGA supplementation.
Competition between DNA methylation and transcription factors determines binding of NRF1.
Schübeler et al., Basel, Switzerland. In Nature, 24 Jan 2016
Methylation-restricted sites are enriched for TF motifs containing CpGs, especially for those of NRF1.
Cortical PGC-1α-Dependent Transcripts are Reduced in Postmortem Tissue From Patients With Schizophrenia.
Cowell et al., Birmingham, United States. In Schizophr Bull, 17 Jan 2016
Unbiased analyses of the promoter regions for PGC-1α-dependent transcripts revealed enrichment of binding sites for the PGC-1α-interacting transcription factor nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF-1).
Biomolecular Markers Within the Core Axis of Aging and Particulate Air Pollution Exposure in the Elderly: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Nawrot et al., Hasselt, Belgium. In Environ Health Perspect, 15 Jan 2016
METHODS: Among 166 non-smoking elderly, we used qPCR to measure telomere length and mtDNA content in leukocytes, and RNA from whole blood to measure expression of SIRT1, TP53, PPARGC1A, PPARGC1B, NRF1 and NFE2L.
Mitochondrial DNA copy number and biogenesis in different tissues of early- and late-lactating dairy cows.
Häussler et al., Bonn, Germany. In J Dairy Sci, 10 Jan 2016
German Holstein cows (n = 21) were fed according to their requirements, and biopsies from scAT, liver, mammary gland, and blood were collected in early and late lactation and assayed for relative mtDNA copy numbers and the mRNA abundance of genes regulating mitochondrial biogenesis, such as nuclear-respiratory factor 1 and 2 (NRF-1, NRF-2), mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1-α (PGC-1α).
Grape seed procyanidin B2 protects podocytes from high glucose-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis via the AMPK-SIRT1-PGC-1α axis in vitro.
Zhang et al., Beijing, China. In Food Funct, 09 Jan 2016
Real-time reverse transcription-PCR was used to determine the gene expression of nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF-1) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), and quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number.
Changes in Whole-Body Oxygen Consumption and Skeletal Muscle Mitochondria During Linezolid-Induced Lactic Acidosis.
Fumagalli et al., Milano, Italy. In Crit Care Med, 09 Jan 2016
There were no compensatory mitochondrial biogenesis (no induction of nuclear respiratory factor 1 and mitochondrial transcript factor A) or adaptive unfolded protein response (reduced concentration of heat shock proteins 60 and 70).
Nutrient deprivation-related OXPHOS/glycolysis interconversion via HIF-1α/C-MYC pathway in U251 cells.
Yu et al., Kunming, China. In Tumour Biol, 08 Jan 2016
Mechanistically, nutritional deficiencies could reduce hypoxia-inducible factor α (HIF-1α) protein expression to increase C-MYC protein level, which in turn increased nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) transcription to enhance the activity of OXPHOS, suggesting that metabolic reprogramming by the changes of microenvironment during the carcinogenesis can provide some novel therapeutic clues to traditional cancer treatments.
Stem cell aging. A mitochondrial UPR-mediated metabolic checkpoint regulates hematopoietic stem cell aging.
Chen et al., Berkeley, United States. In Science, Apr 2015
Here, we identified a regulatory branch of the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPR(mt)), which is mediated by the interplay of SIRT7 and NRF1 and is coupled to cellular energy metabolism and proliferation.
Coordinated regulation of protein synthesis and degradation by mTORC1.
Manning et al., Boston, United States. In Nature, 2014
The increase in proteasome gene expression, cellular proteasome content, and rates of protein turnover downstream of mTORC1 were all dependent on induction of the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-related factor 1 (NRF1; also known as NFE2L1).
DNA methylation analysis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease suggests distinct disease-specific and remodeling signatures after bariatric surgery.
Hampe et al., Kiel, Germany. In Cell Metab, 2013
Postbariatric and NAFLD-specific methylation signatures were clearly distinct both in gene ontology and transcription factor binding site analyses, with >400-fold enrichment of NRF1, HSF1, and ESRRA sites.
NF-E2-related factor 1 (Nrf1) serves as a novel regulator of hepatic lipid metabolism through regulation of the Lipin1 and PGC-1β genes.
Yamamoto et al., Sendai, Japan. In Mol Cell Biol, 2012
Nrf1 binds to the antioxidant response elements (AREs) in regulatory regions of the Lipin1 and PGC-1beta genes and the binding of Nrf1 to the AREs activates reporter gene transcription.
Nrf1 CNC-bZIP protein promotes cell survival and nucleotide excision repair through maintaining glutathione homeostasis.
He et al., Chicago, United States. In J Biol Chem, 2012
results indicate a novel role of Nrf1 in UVB-induced DNA damage repair and suggest Nrf1 as a tumor suppressor in the skin
Diesel exhaust particulate extracts inhibit transcription of nuclear respiratory factor-1 and cell viability in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
Klinge et al., Louisville, United States. In Arch Toxicol, 2012
Given that NRF-1 is a key nuclear transcription factor regulating genes involved in mitochondrial activity and biogenesis, these data suggest that diesel exhaust particulate extracts may adversely affect mitochondrial function.
The Fbw7 tumor suppressor regulates nuclear factor E2-related factor 1 transcription factor turnover through proteasome-mediated proteolysis.
Chan et al., Irvine, United States. In J Biol Chem, 2011
Fbw7 as a regulator of Nrf1 expression and reveal a novel function of Fbw7 in cellular stress response.
PARIS (ZNF746) repression of PGC-1α contributes to neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease.
Dawson et al., Baltimore, United States. In Cell, 2011
PARIS represses the expression of the transcriptional coactivator, PGC-1α and the PGC-1α target gene, NRF-1 by binding to insulin response sequences in the PGC-1α promoter.
The Nrf1 CNC-bZIP protein is regulated by the proteasome and activated by hypoxia.
Willmore et al., Ottawa, Canada. In Plos One, 2010
data suggests that Nrf1 is controlled by several post-translational mechanisms, including ubiquitination, proteolytic processing and proteasomal-mediated degradation as well as by its phosphorylation status
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