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Nuclear respiratory factor 1

Nuclear Respiratory Factor 1, NRF-1
This gene encodes a protein that homodimerizes and functions as a transcription factor which activates the expression of some key metabolic genes regulating cellular growth and nuclear genes required for respiration, heme biosynthesis, and mitochondrial DNA transcription and replication. The protein has also been associated with the regulation of neurite outgrowth. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, which encode the same protein, have been characterized. Additional variants encoding different protein isoforms have been described but they have not been fully characterized. Confusion has occurred in bibliographic databases due to the shared symbol of NRF1 for this gene and for "nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 1" which has an official symbol of NFE2L1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from NCBI)
Top mentioned proteins: NRF, PGC, TFAM, Nrf2, PGC-1alpha
Papers on Nuclear Respiratory Factor 1
Effects of Tannic Acid on the Ischemic Brain Tissue of Rats.
New
Ozisik Karaman et al., Çanakkale, Turkey. In Inflammation, 20 Mar 2015
The rats were sacrificed 24 h later, and brain tissue was examined biochemically and histopathologically. Biochemical evaluation of brain tissue found that comparing the ischemic group with no treatment with the tannic acid-treated ischemia group; the superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels were higher, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were lower, and nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF-1) was higher in the tannic acid-treated group.
The Neuroprotective Effect of Glycyrrhizic Acid on an Experimental Model of Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Rats.
New
Cosar et al., Çanakkale, Turkey. In Inflammation, 17 Mar 2015
Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF1) levels were analyzed biochemically on the right cerebral hemisphere, while ischemic histopathological studies were completed to investigate the anti-oxidant status.
Lipid exposure elicits differential responses in gene expression and DNA methylation in primary human skeletal muscle cells from severely obese women.
New
Houmard et al., Carolina, Puerto Rico. In Physiol Genomics, 10 Mar 2015
Results: With lipid oversupply, increases in NRF-1, NRF-2, PPARα, and PPARδ expression were dampened in skeletal muscle from severely obese compared to lean women.
Carbohydrate restricted recovery from long term endurance exercise does not affect gene responses involved in mitochondrial biogenesis in highly trained athletes.
New
Frandsen et al., Odense, Denmark. In Physiol Rep, 01 Mar 2015
Baseline mRNA expression of NRF-1, COX-IV, GLUT4 and PPAR-α gene targets were higher in trained compared to untrained.
Sphingosine kinase 2 and Sphingosine-1-phosphate promotes mitochondrial function in dopaminergic neurons of mouse model of Parkinson's disease and in MPP(+)-treated MN9D cells in vitro.
New
Tay et al., Singapore, Singapore. In Neuroscience, 28 Feb 2015
Our study demonstrated that inhibition of Sphk2 decreased the expression of Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) and its downstream targets nuclear respiratory factor 1(NRF-1) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) which are the key genes regulating mitochondrial function.
Coordinated regulation of protein synthesis and degradation by mTORC1.
New
Impact
Manning et al., Boston, United States. In Nature, Oct 2014
The increase in proteasome gene expression, cellular proteasome content, and rates of protein turnover downstream of mTORC1 were all dependent on induction of the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-related factor 1 (NRF1; also known as NFE2L1).
DNA methylation analysis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease suggests distinct disease-specific and remodeling signatures after bariatric surgery.
Impact
Hampe et al., Kiel, Germany. In Cell Metab, 2013
Postbariatric and NAFLD-specific methylation signatures were clearly distinct both in gene ontology and transcription factor binding site analyses, with >400-fold enrichment of NRF1, HSF1, and ESRRA sites.
Thioredoxin-mediated redox regulation of resistance to endocrine therapy in breast cancer.
Review
Roy et al., Miami, United States. In Biochim Biophys Acta, 2013
This, in turn, may lead to the disruption of reversible redox signaling that involves redox-sensitive phosphatases, protein kinases, such as, ERK and AKT, and transcription factors, such as, AP-1, NRF-1 and NF-κB.
Role of PGC-1α signaling in skeletal muscle health and disease.
Review
Li Ji et al., Minneapolis, United States. In Ann N Y Acad Sci, 2012
PGC-1α is the master transcription regulator that stimulates mitochondrial biogenesis, by upregulating nuclear respiratory factors (NRF-1, 2) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam), which leads to increased mitochondrial DNA replication and gene transcription.
NF-E2-related factor 1 (Nrf1) serves as a novel regulator of hepatic lipid metabolism through regulation of the Lipin1 and PGC-1β genes.
GeneRIF
Yamamoto et al., Sendai, Japan. In Mol Cell Biol, 2012
Nrf1 binds to the antioxidant response elements (AREs) in regulatory regions of the Lipin1 and PGC-1beta genes and the binding of Nrf1 to the AREs activates reporter gene transcription.
Nrf1 CNC-bZIP protein promotes cell survival and nucleotide excision repair through maintaining glutathione homeostasis.
GeneRIF
He et al., Chicago, United States. In J Biol Chem, 2012
results indicate a novel role of Nrf1 in UVB-induced DNA damage repair and suggest Nrf1 as a tumor suppressor in the skin
Diesel exhaust particulate extracts inhibit transcription of nuclear respiratory factor-1 and cell viability in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
GeneRIF
Klinge et al., Louisville, United States. In Arch Toxicol, 2012
Given that NRF-1 is a key nuclear transcription factor regulating genes involved in mitochondrial activity and biogenesis, these data suggest that diesel exhaust particulate extracts may adversely affect mitochondrial function.
Bigenomic regulation of cytochrome c oxidase in neurons and the tight coupling between neuronal activity and energy metabolism.
Review
Wong-Riley, Milwaukee, United States. In Adv Exp Med Biol, 2011
Bigenomic regulation of all 13 transcripts is mediated by nuclear respiratory factors 1 and 2 (NRF-1 and NRF-2).
The Fbw7 tumor suppressor regulates nuclear factor E2-related factor 1 transcription factor turnover through proteasome-mediated proteolysis.
GeneRIF
Chan et al., Irvine, United States. In J Biol Chem, 2011
Fbw7 as a regulator of Nrf1 expression and reveal a novel function of Fbw7 in cellular stress response.
Coordination of mitochondrial biogenesis by thyroid hormone.
Review
Iwen et al., Germany. In Mol Cell Endocrinol, 2011
Intermediate factors are transcription factors (such as NRF-1, NRF-2 and PPARγ) and transcriptional coactivators (such as PGC-1α and PGC-1β).
Airway remodeling in asthma: new mechanisms and potential for pharmacological intervention.
Review
Berger et al., Bordeaux, France. In Pharmacol Ther, 2011
ASM cell proliferation in severe asthma implicates a gallopamil-sensitive calcium influx and the activation of calcium-calmodulin kinase IV leading to enhanced mitochondrial biogenesis through the activation of various transcription factors (PGC-1α, NRF-1 and mt-TFA).
PARIS (ZNF746) repression of PGC-1α contributes to neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease.
Impact
Dawson et al., Baltimore, United States. In Cell, 2011
PARIS represses the expression of the transcriptional coactivator, PGC-1α and the PGC-1α target gene, NRF-1 by binding to insulin response sequences in the PGC-1α promoter.
The Nrf1 CNC-bZIP protein is regulated by the proteasome and activated by hypoxia.
GeneRIF
Willmore et al., Ottawa, Canada. In Plos One, 2010
data suggests that Nrf1 is controlled by several post-translational mechanisms, including ubiquitination, proteolytic processing and proteasomal-mediated degradation as well as by its phosphorylation status
Hepatic-specific disruption of SIRT6 in mice results in fatty liver formation due to enhanced glycolysis and triglyceride synthesis.
Impact
Deng et al., Bethesda, United States. In Cell Metab, 2010
Here, we show that SIRT1 forms a complex with FOXO3a and NRF1 on the SIRT6 promoter and positively regulates expression of SIRT6, which, in turn, negatively regulates glycolysis, triglyceride synthesis, and fat metabolism by deacetylating histone H3 lysine 9 in the promoter of many genes involved in these processes.
Transcriptional paradigms in mammalian mitochondrial biogenesis and function.
Review
Impact
Scarpulla, Chicago, United States. In Physiol Rev, 2008
Nucleomitochondrial interactions depend on the interplay between transcription factors (NRF-1, NRF-2, PPARalpha, ERRalpha, Sp1, and others) and members of the PGC-1 family of regulated coactivators (PGC-1alpha, PGC-1beta, and PRC).
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