Prenatal exposure to ultrasound affects learning and memory in young rats.
Shanghai, China. In Ultrasound Med Biol, Mar 2015
Using real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, we also determined that both the mRNA and protein expression levels of hippocampal N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor units 1 (NR1) and 2B (NR2B) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were significantly lower in pups exposed to ultrasound for 20 min than in controls.
Mechanism of differential control of NMDA receptor activity by NR2 subunits.
Paris, France. In Nature, 2009
A fundamental difference between NMDAR subtypes is their channel maximal open probability (P(o)), which spans a 50-fold range from about 0.5 for NR2A-containing receptors to about 0.01 for receptors containing NR2C and NR2D; NR2B-containing receptors have an intermediate value (about 0.1).