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NMT2, N-myristoyltransferase 2, thi2
N-myristoyltransferase (NMT) catalyzes the reaction of N-terminal myristoylation of many signaling proteins. It transfers myristic acid from myristoyl coenzyme A to the amino group of a protein's N-terminal glycine residue. Biochemical evidence indicates the presence of several distinct NMTs, varying in apparent molecular weight and /or subcellular distribution. The predicted 498-amino acid of human NMT2 protein shares 77% and 96% sequence identity with human NMT1 and mouse Nmt2 comprise two distinct families of N-myristoyltransferases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008] (from
Berthiaume et al., Edmonton, Canada. In Faseb J, 2013
We show for the first time that both N-myristoyltransferases (NMTs) 1 and 2 are cleaved during apoptosis and that the caspase-3- or -8-mediated cleavage of NMT1 at Asp-72 precedes the cleavage of NMT2 by caspase-3 mainly at Asp-25.
Rosenberg et al., Boston, United States. In Breast Cancer Res, 2010
Knockdown of the putative oncogenic miRNA miR-182 and miR-183, both highly overexpressed in DCIS, increased the expression of chromobox homolog 7 (CBX7) (which regulates E-cadherin expression), DOK4, NMT2 and EGR1.
Misumi et al., Kumamoto, Japan. In Biol Pharm Bull, 2009
N-Myristoyltransferase (NMT) isozymes, i.e., NMT1 and NMT2, are essential host factors for the AIDS-causing human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1), by which the viral proteins Pr55(gag) and Nef are N-myristoylated.
A number of viral and eukaryotic proteins which undergo a lipophilic modification by the enzyme N-myristoyltransferase (NMT: NMT1 and NMT2) are required for signal transduction and regulatory functions.