Concise review: epigenetic mechanisms contribute to pluripotency and cell lineage determination of embryonic stem cells.
Charlottesville, United States. In Stem Cells, 2007
Results of recent studies indicate that a novel "bivalent" chromatin structure marks key developmental genes in embryonic stem cells (ESCs), wherein a number of untranscribed lineage-control genes, such as Sox1, Nkx2-2, Msx1, Irx3, and Pax3, are epigenetically modified with a unique combination of activating and repressive histone modifications that prime them for potential activation (or repression) upon cell lineage induction and differentiation.
A Wnt signal regulates stem cell fate and differentiation in vivo.
München, Germany. In Neurodegener Dis, 2006
Recently, substantial advances have been made by demonstrating that the secreted molecule Wnt1 regulates a genetic network, including the transcription factors Otx2 and Nkx2-2, for the initial establishment of the dopaminergic progenitor domain in the mammalian ventral midbrain.
Genetic networks controlling the development of midbrain dopaminergic neurons.
München, Germany. In J Physiol, 2006
Firstly, a Wnt1-regulated genetic network, including Otx2 and Nkx2-2, and a Shh-controlled genetic cascade, including Lmx1a, Msx1 and Nkx6-1, have been unravelled, acting in parallel or sequentially to establish a territory competent for midbrain dopaminergic precursor production at relatively early stages of neural development.